The European Union Public License ( EUPL ) is a software licensed by the European Commission . It is a free software license .

Its first version was approved on 9 January 2007. Its latest version is 1.2, approved 18 May 2017. [5] The previous version, 1.1, was approved by the European Commission on 9 January 2009. The license is available in 22 official languages Of the European Union. All linguistic versions have the same validity. The EUPL v 1.1 is OSI certified as of March 2009 citation needed ] . On May 2017, the European Commission published the EUPL v1.2 (OJ 19/05/2017 L128 pp. 59-64).

This license Was Originally Intended to be used for the distribution of software Developed in the framework of the IDABC program, ALTHOUGH (Given icts generic scope) est aussi it suitable for use By Any software developer. Its main goal is focusing icts being white is consistent with the copyright law in the 28 Member States of the European Union, while Retaining compatibility with open source software licenses popular Such As the GNU General Public License . The first IDABC software packages are CIRCA groupware, [6] IPM [7] [8] and the eLink [9] G2G , G2C , G2B specification software. Since the launch (in October 2008) of the European Open Source Observatory and Repository (OSOR), qui has-been migrated to the joinup collaborative platform (December 2011) [10] other software Mainly produced by European governments, has-been licensed under the EUPL . [11]

Comparison to other open source / free software licenses

With proliferation license has growing problem, the European Union justified icts license as the first open source license to be released by year international governing body.
The European Union also wishes to make available, in accordance with the laws of the European Union, the laws of the European Union.
A third goal of this license is to create an open-source license available in 23 official languages ​​of the European Union, [12] and is sure to comply with the copyright laws of each of the 28 States of the European Union.
Lastly, to dispel fears of license proliferation,

  • GNU General Public License (GPL) v. 2 & v. 3 (added in EUPL v1.2)
  • Open Software License (OSL) v. 2.1, v. 3.0
  • Common Public License v. 1.0
  • Eclipse Public License v. 1.0
  • CeCILL c. 2.0 & V 2.1
  • Mozilla Public License c. 2 (added in EUPL v1.2)
  • LGPL v2.1 & V3 (added in EUPL v1.2)
  • LiLIQ-R & LiLIQ-R + (added in EUPL v1.2)
  • GNU Affero General Public License (AGPL) v. 3 (added in EUPL v1.2)

On the other hand, many OSI-approved licenses are compatible with the EUPL: JOINUP publish a general compatibility matrix between all OSI-approved licenses and the EUPL. [13]

An overview of the EUPL on OSS-Watch. [14]

Version 1.2

The EUPL v1.2 was prepared as of June 2013 [15] and the decision process started in 2016. [16] A main EUPL v3.1 is the latest version of the GPLU3 and AGPLv3. [16] Version 1.2 was released 18 May 2017. [5]

According to the EUPL, the European Commission may, in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, Future upgrades will not be available when it was released “under the EUPL v.1.1 only”. New provisions cover the Application service provider . A possible issue that could be utilized further the licensing affects dynamic linking. This currently depends on national law. According to studies done prior to the approval of the EUPL, this is intentional: each case is left to appreciate.

Member states policies

As from 2010, EU member states adopt or revise policies to encourage – when appropriate – open source. The EUPL is formally mentioned in some of these policies:

  • malta
  • spain
  • Estonia: Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, Department of State Information Systems. Information Society Yearbook 2009 .
  • The Netherlands

See also

  • Free software portal
  • Software using the EUPL license
  • Comparison of free and open-source software licenses


  1. Jump up^ OSI approval published on joinup
  2. Jump up^ “Various Licenses and Comments about Them” .
  3. Jump up^ CeCILL FREE SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENTThe EUPL v1.1 is explicitly compatible with GPLv2. The EUPL v1.2 is explicitly compatible with GPLv2, GPLv3 and AGPL.
  4. Jump up^ “EUPL 1.1” (PDF) .
  5. ^ Jump up to:b “Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/863” .
  6. Jump up^ CIRCA groupware
  7. Jump up^ IPM technical architecture
  8. Jump up^ IPM EUPL
  9. Jump up^ eLink
  10. Jump up^ migration
  11. Jump up^ Joinup forge
  12. Jump up^ – European Union Public License
  13. Jump up^ Matrix of compliant licenses EUPL
  14. Jump up^ The EUPL – An Overview
  15. Jump up^ “Public consultation on the draft EUPL v 1.2 has been fruitful”. Retrieved 3 December 2015 .
  16. ^ Jump up to:b “Public consultation on the draft EUPL v1.2” . Retrieved 3 December 2015 .

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