On August 31, 2015, 381 sockpuppet accounts on the English Wikipedia were discovered operating a secret paid editing ring. Its participants extorted money from mid-sized businesses who had articles about themselves rejected. Nicknamed “Orangemoody” after the first account uncovered, It was Wikipedia’s biggest conflict-of-interest scandal at the time, [1] conduire the scope of the Wiki-PR editing of Wikipedia incident in qui Approximately 250 sockpuppets were found and blocked in 2013 .

The Komsomolskaya Pravda , The World and Die Zeit . [2] [3] [4] The editing Was Described by various media as “black hat” editors ( Tech Crunch ), [5] “dishonest editing” ( PC World ), [6] “extortion” ( Wired ) [ 7] a “blackmail scam” ( The Independent ), [8] and an “extensive cybercrime syndicate” ( ThinkProgress ). [9]


In 2015, administrators of the English Wikipedia blocked 381 accounts, many of them suspected of being sockpuppets of the same people, after a two-month investigation by Wikipedia editors. [10] More than 200 Wikipedia articles created from the accounts were deleted. [11]

Wikipedia’s resulting investigation, named “Orangemoody” after the first account uncovered, found that sockpuppets had searched the site for deleted or rejected articles about businesses and individuals. [12] Many of the articles had been deleted for promotional content. The editors, some posing as Wikipedia administrators , would then extort [13] payment from the businesses to publish and protect the articles. Besides businesses, individual people were targeted, including Cuban musician Dayramir Gonzalez . [13] [14] The scammers themselves may have been involved in the deletion of some articles. [8] Wikimedia Foundation employees Ed Erhart and Juliet Barbara declared that ”



  1. Jump up^ “Wikipedia’s biggest scandal: Industrial-scale blackmail” , The Register , September 3, 2015
  2. Jump up^ Саша ПЯТНИЦКАЯ (Sasha Pyatnitskaya) (September 1, 2015),”Англоязычная Wikipedia заблокировала более 380 редакторов за” корыстные “правки” [The English Wikipedia HAS blocked more than 380 editors for “selfish” edits], Komsomolskaya Pravda(in Russian)
  3. Jump up^ “381 accounts of Wikipedia banned for extortion” , Le Monde(in French), Paris, 2015-09-02 , retrieved 2015-09-06
  4. Jump up^ “Wikipedia: Schutzgelderpressung in der Online-Encyclopedia” [Wikipedia: protection racket in the online encyclopedia], Zeit Online (in German), Die Zeit , 2015-09-01 , retrieved 2015-09-06
  5. Jump up^ Perez, Sarah (2015-09-01), “Wikipedia Bans Hundreds Of” Black Hat “Paid Editors Who Created Promotional Pages On Its Website” , TechCrunch , retrieved 2015-09-06
  6. Jump up^ Ribeiro, John (2015-09-01), “Wikipedia bans 381 user accounts for dishonest editing” , PC World , retrieved 2015-09-06
  7. Jump up^ Technology (2015-09-01), “381 Wikipedia” sockpuppet “accounts banned for paid promotion” , Wired (UK) , retrieved 2015-09-06
  8. ^ Jump up to:b Merrill, Jamie (2015-09-02), “Wikipedia ‘rogue editors’ Targeted-have Hundreds of people in a blackmail scam” , The Independent , archived from the original is 2015-09-14 – via WebCite
  9. Jump up^ Williams, Lauren C. (2015-09-04), “Wikipedia Editors Uncover Extortion Scam And Extensive Cybercrime Syndicate” ,ThinkProgress , retrieved 2015-09-06
  10. Jump up^ Moyer, Justin Wm (2015-09-02). “Wikipedia sting snares hundreds of accounts used for paid editing” . The Washington Post . ISSN  0190-8286 . Retrieved 2015-09-09 .
  11. Jump up^ Dredge, Stuart. “Wikipedia founder backs site’s systems after extortion scam” . The Guardian . Retrieved 2015-09-09 .
  12. Jump up^ King, Robin Levinson (2015-09-02). “Wikipedia bans users for not disclosing they got paid to edit articles” . The Toronto Star . Retrieved 2015-09-10 .
  13. ^ Jump up to:c Weaver, Matthew. “Wikipedia blocks editor accounts linked to extortion scam” . The Guardian . Retrieved 2015-09-09 .
  14. Jump up^ Coolman, Robert (2015-09-05). “I Was Shaken Down by Wikipedia’s Blackmail Bandits” . The Daily Beast . Retrieved 2015-09-06 .

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