James M. ” Doc James ” Heilman is a Canadian emergency room physician , Wikipedian , and advocate for the improvement of Wikipedia’s health-related content . He encourages other clinicians to contribute to the online encyclopaedia. [2] [3] Heilman was elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees in 2017. [4]

He is an active contributor to WikiProject Medicine , is a volunteer Wikipedia administrator , was the president of Wikimedia Canada between 2010 and 2013, and was originally the President of Wiki Project Med Foundation. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] He is also the founder of WikiProject Medicine’s Medicine Translation Task Force. [10] In June 2015, He Was Elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees , a position he qui Held up to He Was removed on December 28, 2015. [11] [12] [13]

Heilman is a clinical assistant professor at the University of British Columbia , [14] [15] and the head of the department of emergency medicine at East Kootenay Regional Hospital in Cranbrook, British Columbia , where he lives. [1] [2] He Often works the night shift in the emergency room at East Kootenay Regional Hospital. [15]

Early life and education

Heilman was born and raised in rural Saskatchewan . [16] He graduated from the University of Saskatchewan in 2000 with a Bachelor of Science in anatomy, and he subsequently earned His medical degree there in 2003. [2] He completed Then His residency in British Columbia. [16]

Medical career

Heilman worked at Moose Jaw Union Hospital in Moose Jaw , Saskatchewan, until 2010, when he was working at East Kootenay Regional Hospital, [2] [17] where, in October 2012, he was appointed head of the department of emergency Medicine . [2] In 2014, he told the Cranbrook Daily Townsman that the emergency department at East Kootenay saw an average of 22,000 patients each year. [18] In 2016, he told the Globe and Mail that he had seen patients who had experienced chest pains for over half a day before going to the hospital. Of these patients, he said, “They’re like, ‘It’s just indigestion. And when they arrive, [it turns out] they have had a massive heart attack. That occurs not that infrequently. ” [19]

Research

As of May 2014, Heilman was working on a study with Samir Grover , of the University of Toronto , which would assign medical students to take a test using either Wikipedia or medical textbooks to determine which is more accurate. [20] Later that year, Heilman co-authored a version of the Wikipedia article for dengue fever in the peer-reviewed Open Medicine journal . [21] Heilman Worked aussi we study with Microsoft qui That found in the three countries Where the Ebola outbreak Had the Largest Impact, Wikipedia Was the Most Popular source for information about the disease. [22] In 2015,

Wikipedia and Wikimedia activities

Since the beginning of his work as a mediator, heilman has been a contributor to the medical community. [2] He became interested in editing Wikipedia on a slow night shift, when he looked up the article on obesity and found that it contained many errors. ” As of 2016, he edited ” The Hamilton Spectator in 2011. [3] As of 2016, he edited “I realized that I could fix it. Medical articles on Wikipedia for about 60 hours a week. [25]

Heilman takes part in an initiative through Wiki Project Med Foundation with Translators Without Borders , working to improve and translate English Wikipedia medical articles of top importance into minority languages. [26] [27] [28] The Wiki Project Med Foundation has started a collaboration with the University of California, San Francisco as a recruiter for scientifically literate editors, by giving college credits for improving medicine-related Wikipedia pages. [29] In 2014, the Wiki Project Med Foundation also partnered with the Cochrane Collaboration , with the goal of improving the reliability and accuracy of information on Wikipedia. With regard to this partnership, Heilman said, ” The way Wikipedia works is that all content is to stand entirely on the references that are listed. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Wikipedia has an article on:

Heilman spoke at Wikimedia 2014 , where he said that 93% of medical students use Wikipedia, and argued that “fixing the internet” is now a critical task for anyone who cares about healthcare. [31]

Ebola contributions

By reviewing and correcting medical happy in the Manner Promoted by Heilman (and with Many de son contributions) in Wikipedia Articles like that about Ebola , Wikipedia HAS Become a source of information to the public general, THUS being white Regarded Among respecté websites run by the World Health Organization [32] and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , [33] covering the topic. [5] [34] Heilman reduced the time he spent working in the emergency room so he could spend more time updating this page. [35] In 2014, he told the Cranbrook Daily Townsman that with respect to Wikipedia’s coverage of Ebola, “The big thing is knowing what we know,

Rorschach test images

In 2009, Heilman, who was then resident of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan , [37] added public domain images of the ink blots used in the Rorschach test to the Wikipedia article on the subject, and concerned psychologists . [17] [38] [39] Some psychologists stated the test had “already lost its popularity and usefulness.” [17] [39] In an interview with The New York Times , Heilman stated that he had the whole set because a debate about a single image was absurd and psychologists’ fears were unfounded. [40] Appearing on Canada AM on July 31, 2009, Heilman also said that “This information [ie the inkblots] is encyclopedic. [41] In August 2009, two Canadian psychologists filed complaints about Heilman to his local doctors’ organization; Heilman called the complaints “intimidation tactics”. [42] In September 2009, the College of Psychologists of British Columbia urged the Saskatchewan College of Physicians and Surgeons to launch an investigation into Heilman’s posting of the images. Heilman told CTV News that “The psychological community is trying to exclude everybody outside their field and that I think that ‘

Discovery of textbook plagiarism

In 2012, Heilman noticed that the book The Understanding and Management of Special Child in Pediatric Dentistry , published by Jaypee Brothers , contained a long passage about HIV that was plagiarized from Wikipedia’s article on the subject. [26] This led to the book being withdrawn by the publisher. [44] In October 2014, when Heilman was reading a copy of the Oxford Textbook of Zoonoses (published by Oxford University Press ), he noticed that the book on Ebola was very similar to the Wikipedia page on that subject. [23] Originally he suspected that a Wikipedia editor had copied from the textbook when writing the article.

Tenure on the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees

In June 2015, Heilman was elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees . [11] In December 2015, the Board removed Heilman from his position as a Trustee, [12] [45] a decision that generated controversy amongst members of the Wikipedia community. [46] A statement released by the board after Heilman was removed from the trust of his fellow trustees. Heilman, who is a member of the Board of Directors, is a member of the Board of Directors of the Company. Such a move as letting down those who elected me. ” [47] Heilman subsequently pointed out That while on the Board, He Had Pushed For greater transparency Regarding the Wikimedia Foundation’s controversial Knowledge Engine Project and Its financing, [48] and Indicated That His Attempts to public make the Knight Foundation grant for the engine HAD A dismissal. [49]

Other

In 2012, Heilman was one of two Wikimedia contributors sued by Internet for the shifting freely licensed content and volunteer editors from the for-profit Wikitravel site to the non-profit Wikivoyage site . The Wikimedia Foundation defended Heilman’s actions in the lawsuit, citing volunteer freedom of choice. [50] [51] In February 2013 the parties settled their litigation. [52] In 2014, Heilman wrote a study that concluded that 9 out of 10 Wikipedia medical articles contained errors. [7] [53] In the year 2015, the Atlantic ran a piece about conflict-of-interest editing on Wikipedia which detailed Heilman ‘ S efforts to counteract edicts made by employees of Medtronic to the Wikipedia page for percutaneous vertebroplasty . [23]

Personal life

Heilman enjoys running ultra marathons and adventure racing , [17] [54] and he and his girlfriend ran the Gobi March in 2008. [55] He Has aussi run the Marathon des Sables , the Adventure Racing World Championships , [16] and the Saskatchewan Marathon . [56]

Wikipedia-related publications

  • Mathew, Manu; Joseph, Anna; Heilman, James; Tharyan, Prathap (October 22, 2013). “Cochrane and Wikipedia: The collaborative potential for a quantum leap in the dissemination and uptake of trusted evidence” . Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews . 10 : ED000069. PMID  24475488 . Doi : 10.1002 / 14651858.ED000069 .
  • Heilman, James (2012). “Creating awareness for collaborative health education”. International Journal of User-Driven Healthcare . 2 (1): 86-7. Doi : 10.4018 / ijudh.2012010113 .
  • Heilman, James M. (October 2014). “Dengue fever: a Wikipedia clinical review” . Open Medicine . 8 (3): 105-115. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014.
  • Heilman, J (August 2015). “Open Access to a High-Quality, Impartial, Point-of-Care Medical Summary Would Save Lives: Why Does It Not Exist?” . PLoS Medicine . 12 (8): e1001868. PMC  4549298  . PMID  26305335 . Doi : 10.1371 / journal.pmed.1001868 .
  • Heilman, James M .; Kemmann, Eckhard; Bonert, Michael; Chatterjee, Anwesh; et al. (January 31, 2011). “Wikipedia: A key tool for global public health promotion” . Journal of Medical Internet Research . 13 (1): e14. PMC  3221335  . PMID  21282098 . Doi : 10.2196 / jmir.1589 .
  • Heilman, James M; West, Andrew G (March 4, 2015). “Wikipedia and Medicine: Quantifying Readership, Editors, and the Significance of Natural Language” . Journal of Medical Internet Research . 17 (3): e62. PMC  4376174  . PMID  25739399 . Doi : 10.2196 / jmir.4069 .
  • Heilman, James (September 2011). “Why we should all edit Wikipedia” (PDF) . University of British Columbia Medical Journal . 3 (1): 32-3 . Retrieved December 29, 2015 .
  • Azzam, A; Bresler, D; Leon, A; Maggio, L; Whitaker, E; Heilman, J; et al. (13 September 2016). “Why Medical Schools Should Embrace Wikipedia: Final-Year Medical Student Contributions to Wikipedia Articles for Academic Credit at One School.” Academic Medicine . PMID  27627633 . Doi : 10.1097 / ACM.0000000000001381 .
  • Masukume, G; Kipersztok, L; Das, D; Shafee, TM; Laurent, RM; Heilman, JM (November 2016). “Medical journals and Wikipedia: a global health matter.” The Lancet Global Health . 4 (11): e791. PMID  27765289 . Doi : 10.1016 / S2214-109X (16) 30254-6 .

References

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  4. Jump up^ Chan, Katie; Sutherland, Joe (May 20, 2017). “Results from the 2017 Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees elections” . Wikimedia blog . Wikimedia Foundation . Retrieved 13 July 2017 . The results of this year’s community selection of the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees are in! Congratulations to María Sefidari (User: Raystorm), Dariusz Jemielniak (User: pundit), and James Heilman (User: Doc James) for receiving the most community support. They will begin the three-year terms through which they will be officially appointed by the current trustees, which will occur at their August meeting at Wikimania 2017.
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