Students of George Mason University , as share of Professor T. Mills Kelly’s race – “Lying about the past”, two-have created popular hoaxes : the “Edward Owens hoax,” and the “serial killer Reddit hoax.” It is a goal of the game to create a sweeping internet deception. As Prof. Kelly stated in the course’s syllabus:

What’s our goal? Buzz, of course! Viral! We want our hoax to be picked up and spread around the internet like wildfire!

Edward Owens hoax

The Edward Owens was created by George Mason University in 2008 as a class project for “Lying About the Past”. The students created a website and a fictitious entry is English Wikipedia about Edward Owens, purportedly Virginia oyster fisherman born in 1853 in Who est devenu pirate . The hoax was reported in some media outlets. [1]

Hoax description

Owens, created by the fictional student “Jane Browning.” The blog asserted that Owens fell on hard times during the long depression of the 1870s and took piracy in Chesapeake Bay to survive. The students wrote that he robbed small commercial vessels and wealthy pleasure boaters from Maryland using a punt gun to threaten his victims. The class created a fake will , qui Asserted That Owens and his crew Eventually Went back to oyster fishing. [2] [3] [4] The students later created a hoax biography of Owens on Wikipedia. [2]

After some media outlets and academics reported the hoax as factual, the class divulged the hoax. [5] [6]

Reddit serial killer hoax

The Reddit serial killer was a second historical hoax perpetrated by “Lying about the past” class members. This one quickly failed, unlike the Owens hoax. In 2012, Professor Kelly taught the race for a second time in a similar format. The Reddit hoax, about an alleged serial killer named Joseph Scafe, was launched on the Reddit site on the 28th of April, and was debunked in just over an hour. [1] [7]

Hoax description

The participating students created a sockpuppet named Lisa Quinn, and under her name opened a blog entitled: “I think my uncle was a serial killer.” [8] In her blog, Lisa wrote that she found some odd items in a Saratoga steamer trunk that she received upon the death of her grandparents. Lisa posted pictures of the trunk; Ladies shoes she presumably found inside the trunk; And newspaper clippings from 1895; One of which was about the murder of Alice Walsh-later identified as having been taken from the April 22, 1895 edition of The Evening World . [9] According to Lisa’s post, the trunk belonged to a relative, Joseph Scafe, (also called ‘Uncle Joe’), and that it contained a false panel-ladies’ Jewelry and a “disturbing” newspaper. Lisa supposedly wanted to know if-in the opinion of her readers-her uncle was a serial killer.

With a new sockpuppet , DisturbedThrowaway, the students tried to start the spread of the hoax with a posting of a question on AskReddit: “Do you think my uncle Joe was just a weird or possibly a serial killer?” [7]Through Reddit, the hoax was expected to spread. At first, the hoax aroused interest. Many posters requested more photos (which DisturbedThrowaway declined) and alluded to the commercial success the case could lead to. The name of Jack the Ripper was mentioned as well. Yet, within 26 minutes, suspicions were rising. DisturbedThrowaway, Alice Walsh and Diamond Flossie, in the documents she retrieved. She asked the redditors for assistance in research; HOWEVER,


Just over an hour after the initial posting, HatesRedditors suggested that the post was viral marketing . [7] He noted that the Wikipedia entries for the victims had been created within two weeks of the posting and the pictures in the articles looked faked. The students tried to keep the deception going for several weeks, but the story was exposed. On May 14, Kelly revealed the serial killer hoax on his blog. [10]


With the latest hoax exposed, Wikipedia has deleted the two entries about Alice Walsh and Diamond Flossie which had been written by the students’ sockpuppets. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Wikipedia administrators did raise questions about the race’s situational ethics , however, as some claimed that Professor Kelly legitimized Wikipedia vandalism . [11] [ better source needed ]

Professor Kelly did not express regret in this matter, “I do not think there were any real victims here”, he blogged:

I will also continue to teach Lying About the Past. Given the ubiquitous nature of Wikipedia in the information landscape, I think it’s fair to say that whenever I teach the race again, Wikipedia will be a part of it some way, some how. [12]


Yoni Appelbaum wrote in The Atlantic an article, “How the Professor Who Fooled Wikipedia Got Caught by Reddit,” in which he compared the serial killer hoax and the last pirate hoax. In his article, he wondered why the 2008 hoax was successful, while this hoax failed in minutes. Wikipedia has a trusting community, while Reddit has a critical and skeptical community. [1]

In March 2013, Professor Mills continued to delve into the subject of the course, after the university declined to make it part of the regular curriculum of his department, [13] however, editing and / or Manipulating Wikipedia in His digital history class [14] at George Mason University. [15] As of February 2016, all references to the hoaxes and classes have been removed from the university’s web pages.

See also

  • List of hoaxes


  1. ^ Jump up to:c Yoni Appelbaum (May 15, 2012). “How the Professor Who Fooled Wikipedia Got Caught by Reddit” . The Atlantic . Retrieved May 17, 2012 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:b Howard, Jennifer (18 December 2008). “Teaching by Lying: Professor Unveils ‘Last Pirate’ Hoax” . The Chronicle of Higher Education . (Subscription required)
  3. Jump up^ Jon Brodkin (January 14, 2011). “The 10 biggest hoaxes in Wikipedia’s first 10 years” . Network World . Archived from the original on October 13, 2012 . Retrieved May 17, 2012 .
  4. Jump up^ T. Mills Kelly. “True Facts or False Facts-Which Are More Authentic?” (PDF) . Playing With History . Archived from the original (PDF) on June 17, 2012 . Retrieved May 17, 2012 .
  5. Jump up^ Matheson, Whitney. Pop Candy blog,, December 4, 2008
  6. Jump up^ “The Last American Pirate”, December 4, 2008
  7. ^ Jump up to:c “HatesRedditors comments on Opinions:” Please, Reddit. Do you think my ‘Uncle’ Joe was just a serial killer? ” ” . 2012-04-28 . Retrieved 2012-07-20 .
  8. Jump up^ “I Think My Uncle Was A Serial Killer” . . Retrieved 2012-07-20 .
  9. Jump up^ “Who Killed Alice Walsh?” . The Evening World . April 22, 1895.
  10. Jump up^ “Serial Killers, Beer, and Lies About the Past” . edwired. 2012-05-14 . Retrieved 2012-07-20 .
  11. Jump up^ “Admin discussion” . 16-19 May 2012 . Retrieved 2017-01-30 .
  12. Jump up^ “Wikipedia and Me” . edwired. 2012-06-01 . Retrieved 2012-07-20 .
  13. Jump up^ Mills Kelly (March 31, 2013), No More Lying About the Past , Center for History and New Media, George Mason University
  14. Jump up^ History 390 Digital History Class
  15. Jump up^ The Digital Past 2015

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