Wikipedia Zero is a project by the Wikimedia Foundation to Provide Wikipedia free of charge mobile phones is via zero-rating , PARTICULARLY in Developing Markets . [1] [2] The program was launched in 2012, [3] and won a 2013 SXSW Interactive Award for activism. [4] The objective of the program is to increase access to free knowledge. With 68 operators in over 52 countries, it is estimated over 309 million people have access to Wikipedia Zero. [5]

Facebook Zero has been rated as an inspiration for Wikipedia Zero. [6]

History

Map of participating countries, as of May 2016

Below is a selective history of launches. For a complete list of participating mobile networks and launch dates, see Wikimedia Foundation: mobile network partners .

  • May 2012: Malaysia , with Digi Telecommunications [7]
  • July 26, 2012: Kenya , with Orange SA
  • October 2012: Thailand , with dtac ; Saudi Arabia with Saudi Telecom Company
  • May 2013: Pakistan , with Mobilink [8] [9]
  • June 2013: Sri Lanka , with Dialog Axiata [10]
  • October 2013: Jordan , with Umniah ; Bangladesh , with Banglalink [11] [12]
  • April 2014: Kosovo , on the IPKO network [13]
  • May 2014: Nepal , with Ncell [14] and in Kyrgyzstan with Beeline [15]
  • May 2014: Nigeria , with Airtel Nigeria [16]
  • October 2014: Ukraine , with Kyivstar [17]
  • December 2014: Ghana , with MTN Ghana [18] [19]
  • September 2014: Myanmar , with Telenor [20]
  • December 2014: Angola , with Unitel SA
  • January 2015: Algeria , with Djezzy [21]

Participating mobile networks

Reception and impact

Promotional video, produced by the Wikimedia Foundation and narrated by Jimmy Wales .
Promotional video about free access to Wikipedia, featuring a school-class from South Africa and their open letter to tele-cos.

The Subsecretaria de Telecomunicaciones of Chile Ruled That zero-rating services like Wikipedia Zero, Zero Facebook, and Google Free Zone, That subsidize mobile data usage, violate net neutrality laws and HAD to end the practice by June 1, 2014. [22] [ 23] The Electronic Frontier Foundation has said, “Whilst we appreciate the intent behind such efforts as Wikipedia Zero, ultimately zero rated services are a dangerous compromise.” [24] Accessnow.org has been more critical, saying, “Wikimedia has always been a champion for open access to information, but it’s crucial to call out zero-rating programs for what they are: [25] The Wikimedia Foundation’s Gayle Karen Young defended the program to the Washington Post , saying, “We have a complicated relationship to net neutrality . We believe in net neutrality in America , “while adding that Wikipedia. It fulfills our overall mission, though, which is providing free knowledge. ” [26] s Gayle Karen Young Defended the program to the Washington Post , Saying, “We-have a complicated relationship to net neutrality We believe in. net neutrality in America ,” while Adding That Wikipedia Zero required a different perspective in other countries: “Partnering with Telecom “It fulfills our overall mission, though, which is providing free knowledge.” [26] s Gayle Karen Young Defended the program to the Washington Post , Saying, “We-have a complicated relationship to net neutrality We believe in. net neutrality in America ,” while Adding That Wikipedia Zero required a different perspective in other countries: “Partnering with Telecom “It fulfills our overall mission, though, which is providing free knowledge.” [26] It blurs the net neutrality line in those areas. It fulfills our overall mission, though, which is providing free knowledge. ” [26] It blurs the net neutrality line in those areas. It fulfills our overall mission, though, which is providing free knowledge. ” [26]

Hilary Heuler argues that “for many, zero-rated programs would limit access to the ‘walled gardens’ offered by the web heavyweights.” For millions of users, Facebook and Wikipedia would be synonymous with’ internet. [27] In 2015, researchers evaluating how the similar program Facebook Zero shapes ICT use in the developing world found that 11% of Indonesians who said they used Facebook also said they did not use the Internet. 65% of Nigerians, and 61% of Indonesians agree with the statement that “Facebook is the Internet” compared with only 5% in the US. [28]

An Article in Vice magazine rating que la free access through Wikipedia Zero has made Wikipedia preferred way for icts users in Bangladesh and elsewhere to share copyrighted material. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia has an article on: Wikipedia, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A lot of Bangladeshis [and] a bunch of more-or-less random editors who happen to want to be the police are dictating the means of access for an entire population of people. ” [29]

See also

  • Alliance for Affordable Internet
  • Distance learning
  • Facebook Zero
  • Twitter Zero
  • Google Free Zone
  • Internet.org
  • Net neutrality
  • Zero-rating

References

  1. Jump up^ Russell, Brandon (February 22, 2013). “Wikipedia Zero Wants to Bring Wikipedia to Mobile Users Without a Data Plan” . TechnoBuffalo . Retrieved April 8, 2013 .
  2. Jump up^ Wadhwa, Kul Takanao (February 22, 2013). “Getting Wikipedia to the people who need it most” . Knight Foundation . Retrieved April 8, 2013 .
  3. Jump up^ Sofge, Erik (March 8, 2013). “SXSW: Wikipedia for Non-Smartphones Is Brilliant. Here’s Why” . Popular Mechanics . Retrieved April 8, 2013 .
  4. Jump up^ Riese, Monica (March 12, 2013). “SXSW Interactive Awards Announced” . The Austin Chronicle . Austin, Texas: Austin Chronicle Corp. ISSN  1074-0740 . Retrieved April 8, 2013 .
  5. Jump up^ “Wikipedia Zero – Wikimedia Foundation” . Wikimediafoundation.org . Retrieved 2017-03-01 .
  6. Jump up^ Dillon, Conon (December 18, 2013). “Wikipedia Zero: free data if you can afford it” . Retrieved January 15, 2014 .
  7. Jump up^ “Wikipedia Zero launches in Malaysia with Digi – Wikimedia blog” . Blog.wikimedia.org. 2012-05-26 . Retrieved 2013-06-27 .
  8. Jump up^ “Mobilink brings Wikipedia Zero to Pakistan” . Nation.com.pk . Retrieved 2013-06-27 .
  9. Jump up^ “Mobilink brings Wikipedia Zero to Pakistan” . Mobilink . Retrieved 12 July 2016 .
  10. Jump up^ “Wikipedia FREE” . Dialog . Retrieved 2015-07-30 .
  11. Jump up^ “Tech Talk | Wikipedia Zero | A righteous initiative for accessing free knowledge” . Archive.thedailystar.net. 2013-12-02 . Retrieved 2014-06-24 .
  12. Jump up^ “Banglalink launches Wikipedia Zero :: Financial Express :: Financial Newspaper of Bangladesh” . Thefinancialexpress-bd.com . Retrieved 2014-06-24 .
  13. Jump up^ “Kosovo’s Largest Foreign Investment Sets Tone for Innovation” . Www.the-american-times.com . Hazlehurst Media SA . Retrieved 22 July 2014 .
  14. Jump up^ “Wikipedia Zero arrives in Nepal via Ncell and you do not have to pay a Paisa to use it” . Retrieved 2014-05-19 .
  15. Jump up^ “Beeline открыл бесплатный доступ к Wikipedia для своих абонентов” .
  16. Jump up^ “Wikimedia Foundation partners with Airtel Nigeria to offer free Wikipedia access to subscribers – TechCabal” .
  17. Jump up^ “Абоненти” Київстар “можуть користуватися Wikipedia з нульовим балансом на рахунку” . Kyivstar . Retrieved 2014-11-13 .
  18. Jump up^ “MTN Ghana empowers customers with free access to Wikipedia” . Myjoyonline.com . Retrieved 23 December 2014 .
  19. Jump up^ “MTN Ghana empowers customers with free access to Wikipedia” . myjoyonline.com. Ghana News Agency. 22 December 2014 . Retrieved December 24, 2014 .
  20. Jump up^ “TelenorMyanmar – Free Wikipedia” . Telenor.com.mm .
  21. Jump up^ “Djezzy launches free access to Wikipedia” .
  22. Jump up^ Mirani, Leo (May 30, 2014). “Less than zero – When net neutrality backfires: Chile just killed free access to Wikipedia and Facebook” . Quartz . Retrieved July 2, 2014 .
  23. Jump up^ McKenzie, Jessica (June 2, 2014). “Face Off in Chile: Net Neutrality v. Human Right to Facebook & Wikipedia” . Retrieved July 2, 2014 .
  24. Jump up^ “Net Neutrality and the Global Digital Divide” . Electronic Frontier Foundation .
  25. Jump up^ “Wikipedia Zero and net neutrality: Wikimedia turns its back on the open internet” . Accessnow.org . 2014-08-08.
  26. Jump up^ “Wikipedia’s ‘complicated’ relationship with net neutrality” . Washington Post .
  27. Jump up^ Hilary Heuler. “Who really wins from Facebook’s ‘free internet’ plan for Africa?” . ZDNet .
  28. Jump up^ Leo Mirani (9 Feb 2015). “Millions of Facebook users have no idea they’re using the internet” .
  29. Jump up^ Koebler, Jason (March 27, 2016). “Wikipedia’s Piracy Police Are Ruining the Developing World’s Internet Experience” . Motherboard . Vice Media . Retrieved June 10, 2017 .

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