The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors to the online encyclopedia Wikipedia . Individual contributors are known as ” Wikipedians “. The Oxford English Dictionary added the word “Wikipedian” in August 2012. [1]

Almost all Wikipedians are volunteers . Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Wikipedia has an article on: Wikipedia

Size

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Wikipedia has an article on: Wikipedia contributors during the early years. In April 2008, writer and lecturer Clay Shirky and computer scientist Martin Wattenberg Wikipedia at roughly 100 million hours. [2] In November 2011, there were approximately 31.7 million registered users across all languages. [3]

The English Wikipedia , the largest language edition, currently has 116,282 editors who have performed an edit in the last 30 days (“active users”), and an unknown number of contributors without an account. About half of the active editors spend at least one hour a day editing, and a fifth spend more than three hours a day. [4]

Motivation

Data from April 2011 Editor

Various studies have been done with regard to the motivations of Wikipedia contributors. In a 2003 study of Wikipedia as a community, economics Ph.D. student Andrea Ciffolilli argues that the low transaction costs of participating in wiki software create a catalyst for collaborative development, and that a “creative construction” approach encourages participation. [5] A paper written by Andrea Forte and Amy Bruckman in 2005, called “Why Do People Write for Wikipedia?”, Discussed the possible motivations of Wikipedia contributors. It applied Latour and Woolgar’s concept of the cycle of credit to Wikipedia contributors, Wikipedia has an article on: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [6]

Oded Nov, in his 2007 paper “What Motivates Wikipedians”, related to the motivations of people who contribute to Wikipedia. [7] A survey of the motivations of volunteers, identified in an earlier paper. [8] The six motivations he used were:

  • Values – expressing values ​​to do with altruism and helping others
  • Social – engaging with friends, taking part in activities
  • Understanding – expanding knowledge through activities
  • Career – gaining work experience and skills
  • Protective – eg, reducing guilt over personal privilege
  • Enhancement – demonstrating knowledge to others

To these six motivations he also added:

  • Ideology – expressing support for what is perceived to be the underlying ideology of the activity (eg, the belief that knowledge should be free )
  • Fun – enjoying the activity

The most commonly stated motives were “fun”, “ideology”, and “values”, “career”, “social”, and “protective”. [7]

The Wikimedia Foundation has carried out several surveys of Wikipedia contributors and users. In 2008, the Wikimedia Foundation, alongside the Collaborative Creativity Group at UNU-Merit , launched a survey of readers and editors of Wikipedia. It was the most comprehensive survey of Wikipedia ever conducted. [9] The results of the survey Were published two years later on March 24, 2010. [10] The Wikimedia Foundation has Began in 2011 process of semi-annual surveys in order to Understand Wikipedia editors more and better cater to Their needs. [11] [12]

“Motivations of Wikipedia Content Contributors,” a paper by Heng-Li Yang and Cheng-Yu Lai, hypothesized that, because contributing to Wikipedia is voluntary, an individual’s enjoyment of participating would be the highest motivator. [13] HOWEVER, Their study Showed That ALTHOUGH people might INITIALLY start editing Wikipedia out of enjoyment, the Most Likely motivation for continuing to Participate is self-concept based motivations Such As “I like to share knowledge qui Gives me a sense of personal achievement . ” [13]

A further study in 2014 by Cheng-Yu Lai and Heng-Li Yang explored the reasons why people continue editing Wikipedia content. The study used authors of the English-language version of the website and received 288 valid online survey responses. Wikipedians; Sentencing; Sentencing; Sentencing; And satisfaction. Author influence on an author ‘s continued intention to edit Wikipedia. [14]

Editors of Wikipedia have occasionally given personal testimonials of why they contribute to Wikipedia. A common theme of these testimonials is the enjoyment that editors seem to be from Wikipedia and being part of the Wikipedia community. Also mentioned is the potential addictive quality of Wikipedia editing. Gina Trapani of Lifehacker said “it turns out editing an article is not scary at all. It’s easy, surprisingly satisfying and can become obsessively addictive.” [15] Jimmy Wales has also commented on the addictive quality of Wikipedia, saying “The main thing about Wikipedia … is that it’s fun and addictive”. [16] Wikipedians sometimes award one another ” barnstars ” For good work. These personalized tokens of appreciation reveal a wide range of valued work extending far beyond simple editing to include social support, administrative actions, and types of articulation work. The barnstar phenomenon has been analyzed by researchers seeking to determine what implications it might have for other communities engaged in large-scale collaborations. [17]

Media

Wikipedia has spawned several community news publications. An online newsletter, The Signpost , has-been published weekly since 10 January 2005. [18] Professional cartoonist Greg Williams created a webcomic called ” WikiWorld ” which ran in The Signpost from 2006 to 2008. [19] A podcast called Expired Wikipedia Weekly Was Active From 2006 to 2009 and sporadically thereafter, [20] [21] while a series of conference calls titled “Not the Wikipedia Weekly” ran from 2008 to 2009. [21] Some Wikipedia called “WikiProjects” Newsletters and other correspondence.

Socializing

Offline activities are organized by the Wikimedia Foundation or the community of Wikipedia.

Wikimania

Wikimedia , the annual conference for users of Wikipedia and other projects operated by the Wikimedia Foundation

Wikimedia is an annual international conference for users of the wiki projects operated by the Wikimedia Foundation (such as Wikipedia and other sister projects ). Topics of presentations and discussions include Wikimedia Foundation projects, other wikis, open-source software , free knowledge and free content, and the different social and technical aspects which relate to these topics.

Wiknics

United States

The annual Great American Wikimedia is a social gathering that takes place, in major cities of the United States, each year during the summer, usually just prior to the 4th of July. The Wiknic concept allows Wikipedians to bring together picnic food and to interact in a personal way. [22]

Criticism

Wikipedia has been subjected to several kinds of criticism. [23] [24] For example, the Seigenthaler and Essjay incidents caused criticism of Wikipedia ‘s reliability and usefulness as a reference. [25] [26] [27] The complaints related to the community include the effects of users’ anonymity, the attitudes Towards newcomers, the abuse of privileges by administrators , Biases in the social structure of the community, In Particular, gender bias and Lack of female contributors, [28] and the role of the co-founder project Jimmy Wales , in the community. [29] Sue Gardner , form executive director of the Wikimedia Foundation , Wikipedians Described as being white like a “crusty old desk guy who knows the style guide backwards.” [30] A significant controversy has been stirred with paid contributors to Wikipedia, which prompted the Wikimedia Foundation to send a cease and desist letter to the Wiki-PR agency. [31] Wikipedia relies on the efforts of its community members to remove vandalism from articles. Which prompted the Wikimedia Foundation to send a cease and desist letter to the Wiki-PR agency. [31] Wikipedia relies on the efforts of its community members to remove vandalism from articles. Which prompted the Wikimedia Foundation to send a cease and desist letter to the Wiki-PR agency. [31] Wikipedia relies on the efforts of its community members to remove vandalism from articles.

Wikipedia’s co-founder Larry Sanger , who later founded Citizendium – a rival project, characterizes the Wikipedia community as ineffective and abusive, stating that “The community does not enforce its own rules effectively or consistently. To act abusively with impunity, which begets a never-ending cycle of abuse. ” [32] Oliver Kamm , of The Times , Expressed skepticism Toward Wikipedia’s reliance is consensus in forming ict content: “Wikipedia seeks not truth goal consensus, and like an interminable political meeting the end result will be Dominated by the loudest and MOST persist voices. ” [33]

Recognition

A Wikipedia Monument was erected in Słubice, Poland in 2014 to honor the Wikipedia community. [34]

The 2015 Erasmus Prize was awarded to the Wikipedia community for “[promoting] the dissemination of knowledge through a comprehensive and universally accessible encyclopaedia. A community – a shared project that involves tens of thousands of volunteers around the world. ” [35]

See also

  • Wikipedia: Administration – an internal Wikipedia
  • Wikipedia: The community – an internal Wikipedia page about the term
  • Wikipedia: Meetup – regular (or more spontaneous) face-to-face meetings of Wikipedians
  • Encyclopédistes

References

This article incorporates text from the GFDL Wikipedia Wikipedia page : Replies to common objections .
  1. Jump up^ “Hella ridic new words to make you lolz: ODO August 2012 update” . OxfordWords blog . Oxford University Press . 2012-08-23 . Retrieved 2012-09-27 .
  2. Jump up^ Shirky, Clay (7 May 2008). “Gin, Television, and Social Surplus” . World Changing . Archived from the original on 29 December 2015 . Retrieved 8 Jun 2014 .
  3. Jump up^ List of Wikipedias. Wikimedia Meta-Wiki. Retrieved 2011-11-18.
  4. Jump up^ Simonite, Tom (October 22, 2013). “The Decline of Wikipedia”. MIT Technology Review . Retrieved October 23, 2013 .
  5. Jump up^ Ciffolilli, Andrea. “Phantom authority, self-selective recruitment and retention of members in virtual communities: The case of Wikipedia”, First Monday December 2003.
  6. Jump up^ Strong, Amy; Bruckman, Andrea (2005). “Why Do People Write for Wikipedia? Incentives to Contribute to Open-Content Publishing” . SIGGROUP 2005 Workshop: Sustaining community . CiteSeerX  10.1.1.120.7906  . Retrieved January 26,2016 .
  7. ^ Jump up to:b Nov, Oded (2007). “What Motivates Wikipedians?” . Communications of the ACM . 50 (11): 60-64. Doi : 10.1145 / 1297797.1297798 . Retrieved 11 August 2011 .
  8. Jump up^ Clary, E .; Snyder, M .; Ridge, R .; Copeland, J .; Stukas, A .; Haugen, J. & Miene, P. (1998). “Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach”. J. Personality and Social Psychology . 74 : 1516-1530.
  9. Jump up^ Möller, Erik . “New Reports from November 2008 Survey Released” . Wikimedia Foundation Blog . Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 11 August 2011 .
  10. Jump up^ Glott, Ruediger; Schmidt, Phillipp; Ghosh, Rishab. “Wikipedia Survey – Overview of Results” (PDF) . Wikipedia Study . UNU-MERIT. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011 . Retrieved 8 December 2015 .
  11. Jump up^ Wikimedia Foundation. “Wikipedia editors do it for fun: First results of our 2011 editor survey” . Wikimedia Foundation Blog . Wikimedia Foundation . Retrieved 2 August 2011 .
  12. Jump up^ Wikimedia Foundation. “Launching our semi-annual Wikipedia editors survey” . Wikimedia Foundation Blog . Wikimedia Foundation . Retrieved 2 August 2011 .
  13. ^ Jump up to:b Yang, Heng-Li; Lai, Cheng-Yu (November 2010). “Motivations of Wikipedia content contributors” . Computers in Human Behavior . 26 (6): 1377-1383. Doi : 10.1016 / j.chb.2010.04.011. Retrieved 2 August 2011 .
  14. Jump up^ Cheng-Yu Lai; Heng-Li Yang (2014). “The reasons why people continue editing Wikipedia content – task value confirmation perspective” . Tandfonline.com .
  15. Jump up^ Trampani, Gina. “Geek to Live: How to contribute to Wikipedia” . Lifehacker . Gawker Media . Retrieved 12 August2011 .
  16. Jump up^ Griffin, Ricky W. (2011). Management (10th ed.). Mason, Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning. ISBN  1-4390-8099-2 .
  17. Jump up^ T. Kriplean; I. Beschastnikh; et al. (2008). “Articulations of wikiwork” . Articulations of wikiwork: uncovering valued work in Wikipedia through barnstars . Proceedings of the ACM. p. 47.ISBN  978-1-60558-007-4 . Doi : 10.1145 / 1460563.1460573 . (Subscription required ( help )) .
  18. Jump up^ Phoebe Ayers; Charles Matthews; Ben Yates (2008). How Wikipedia Works: How You Can Be a Part of it . No Starch Press. p. 345. ISBN  978-1-59327-176-3 . Retrieved March 1,2016 .
  19. Jump up^ “WIKIWORLD COMICS by Greg Williams” . WIKIWORLD COMICS by Greg Williams . Retrieved 2017-04-12 .
  20. Jump up^ “Wikipedia Weekly” . Wikipedia Weekly . Retrieved 2017-04-12 .
  21. ^ Jump up to:b Lih, Andrew (2009-03-17). “Adminship”. The Wikipedia Revolution: How a Bunch of Nobodies Created the World’s Greatest Encyclopedia . Hachette Books. ISBN  9781401395858 .
  22. Jump up^ Hesse, Monica (25 June 2011). “Wikipedia editors log off long enough to mingle” . The Washington Post . Retrieved 5 July2011 .
  23. Jump up^ Wikipedia is not about human potential, whatever Wales says. The Guardian . Published September 25, 2008.
  24. Jump up^ Why you should care that Jimmy Wales ignores reality. The Register . Published March 6, 2008.
  25. Jump up^ John Seigenthaler (2005-11-29). “A false Wikipedia” biography “” . USA Today .
  26. Jump up^ Katharine Q. Seelye(December 3, 2005)” The New York Times
  27. Jump up^ Cohen, Noam (2007-03-05). “A Contributor to Wikipedia Has His Fictional Side” . The New York Times .
  28. Jump up^ Cohen, Noam (January 30, 2011). “Define Gender Gap? Look Up Wikipedia’s Contributor List” . New York Times . Retrieved August 15, 2012 .
  29. Jump up^ Cohen, Noam (March 17, 2008). “Open-Source Troubles in Wiki World” . The New York Times .
  30. Jump up^ Sharp, Aaron (October 26, 2013). “Is this the decline of Wikipedia? A third of staff have QUIT complaining site bosses have lowered the bar ‘on quality . ” Daily Mail .
  31. Jump up^ Chang, Andrea (20 November 2013). “Wikimedia Foundation sends cease and desist letter to Wiki-PR” – via LA Times.
  32. Jump up^ Bogatin, Donna (March 25, 2007). “Can Wikipedia handle the truth?” . ZDNet . CBS Interactive . Retrieved 2013-10-23 .
  33. Jump up^ Wisdom? More like dumbness of the crowds | Oliver Kamm – Times Online (archive version 2011-08-14)(Author’s own copy)
  34. Jump up^ “Poland to Honor Wikipedia With Monument” . ABC News. October 9, 2014. Archived from the original on 11 October 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2017 .
  35. Jump up^ “Train Laureates” . Erasmusprijs.org . Praemium Erasmianum Foundation . Retrieved January 4, 2017 .

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