On Wikipedia , the trusted users may be appointed as administrators (also known as admins, sysops , and janitors), [1] : 327 following a successful request for adminship. There are 1,257 administrators on the English Wikipedia [2] (as of July 2017). Administrators have additional technical details compared to other editors.

On Wikipedia, Becoming an admin is Often Referred to as being white “given [or Taking up] the mop”, [2] a term qui aussi HAS-been used elsewhere. [3] In 2006, The New York Times reported that they were administered on Wikipedia, of which there were then about 1,000, were “geographically diverse”. [4] In July 2012, it was widely reported that Wikipedia was “running out of administrators”, because in 2005 and 2006, 40 to 50 people were often appointed administrators each month, Were appointed. [5] [6] However, Jimmy Wales , Wikipedia’s co-founder, denied that this was a crisis or that Wikipedia was running out of admins, saying,

In his book Wikipedia – The Missing Manual , John Broughton states that while many people think of administrators on Wikipedia as judges, that is not the purpose of the role. Instead, he says, admins usually “delete pages” and “protect pages with edit wars”. [9]

Requests for adminship

While the first Wikipedia administrators were appointed by Jimmy Wales himself in October 2001, [10] administrator privileges on Wikipedia are now admitted through a process known as requests for adminship (RfA). [1]Any registered editor may nominate themselves, or may request another editor to do so. The process has been said to be “akin to putting someone through the Supreme Court” by Andrew Lih , a scientist and professor who is an administrator on the English Wikipedia . Lih also said, “It’s pretty much a hazing ritual at this point”, in contrast to how the process worked early in Wikipedia’s history, when all one had to become a “prove you were not a bozo”. [5] Candidacy for the role is only considered after extensive work on the wiki. [1] [ edit] References [edit] References [edit] References [edit] See also Bureaucrat, a Wikipedia editor who is also appointed by the community through a “request” process, though the process is much stricter for them than for administrators. [11] RfAs attracting increasing levels of attention: Stvilia et al. Quoted that “Prior to mid-2005, RfAs typically did not attract much attention.

Role

Once granted administrator privileges, a user has access to additional functions in order to perform certain duties. [5] These include “messy cleanup work”, [1] deletion of articles deemed unsuitable, protecting pages, [13] : 66 and blocking the accounts of disruptive users. [1] [5] Blocking a user must be done according to Wikipedia’s policies and a reason must be stated for the block, which will be permanently logged by the software. [1] : 401 [13] : 120 Use of this privilege to “gain editing advantages” is considered inappropriate.

Scientific studies

A scientific paper by researchers from Virginia Tech and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute found that after editors are promoted to administrator status, they often focus more on articles about controversial topics than they did before. The researchers also proposed an alternative method for choosing administrators, in which more weight is given to the votes of experienced editors. [14] Another paper, presented at the 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , analyzed data from all 1,551 requests for adminship from January 2006 to October 2007, with the goal of determining which of the criteria recommended in Wikipedia ‘ S Guide to requests for adminship [15] page was the best predictors of whether the user in question would become an admin. [3] In December 2013, a similar study was published by the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology in Warsaw which aimed to model the results of requests for adminship on the Polish Wikipedia using Wikipedia’s edit history. They found that they could “classify the votes in the RfA procedures using this model with an accuracy level that should be sufficient to recommend candidates.” [16] Was a similar study published by Researchers from the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology in Warsaw qui avocation to model the results of requests for adminship on the Polish Wikipedia using a model derived from Wikipedia’s edit history. They found that they could “classify the votes in the RfA procedures using this model with an accuracy level that should be sufficient to recommend candidates.” [16] Was a similar study published by Researchers from the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology in Warsaw qui avocation to model the results of requests for adminship on the Polish Wikipedia using a model derived from Wikipedia’s edit history. They found that they could “classify the votes in the RfA procedures using this model with an accuracy level that should be sufficient to recommend candidates.” [16]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b “Wikipedia: Administrators” . Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation . Retrieved 29 July 2015 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:b Burke, Moira; Kraut, Robert (April 2008). “Taking Up the Mop: Identifying Future Wikipedia Administrators” . CHI ’08 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems : 3441-3446. Doi : 10.1145 / 1358628.1358871 .
  3. Jump up^ Hafner, Katie (17 June 2006). “Growing Wikipedia Refines Its ‘Anyone Can Edit’ Policy . ” The New York Times . Retrieved January 23, 2014 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:d Meyer, Robinson (16 July 2012). “3 Charts That Show How Wikipedia Is Running Out of Admins” . The Atlantic . Retrieved January 23, 2014 .
  5. Jump up^ Further coverage:
    • Steadman, Ian (19 July 2012). “Wikipedia might be running out of administrators, figures show” . Wired . Archived from the original on October 6, 2014 . Retrieved January 24, 2014 .
    • Wrenn, Eddie (17 July 2012). “Will Wikipedia edit itself out of existence? 50 volunteer ‘admins’ used to join site each month … but last month there was just one” . Daily Mail . Retrieved January 24, 2014 .
    • Lo Wang, Hansi (19 July 2012). “As Wikipedia Gets Pickier, Editors Become Harder To Find” . NPR . Retrieved 29 November 2014 .
  6. Jump up^ Lee, Dave (18 July 2012). “Jimmy Wales denies Wikipedia admin recruitment crisis” . BBC News . Retrieved January 24, 2014 .
  7. Jump up^ Wales, Jimmy (February 11, 2003). “Sysop Status” . EN-I Wikimedia Mailing List . Retrieved January 24, 2014 .
  8. Jump up^ Broughton, John (2008). Wikipedia – The Missing Manual . O’Reilly Media . p. 199.
  9. Jump up^ Schiff, Stacy (July 31, 2006). “Know It All” . The New Yorker . Retrieved 19 February 2014 .
  10. Jump up^ “Wikipedia: Bureaucrats” . Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation . Retrieved 29 July 2015 .
  11. Jump up^ Stvilia, Besiki; Twidale, Michael B .; Smith, Linda C .; Gasser, Les (2008). “Information quality work organization in wikipedia”. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology . 59 (6): 983 doi : 10.1002 / asi.20813 .
  12. ^ Jump up to:b Ebersbach, Anja; Adelung, Andrea; Dueck, Gunter; Glaser, Markus; Heigl, Richard; Warta, Alexander (2008). Wiki: Web Collaboration . Springer. ISBN  9783540681731 .
  13. Jump up^ Das, Sanmay (2013). “Manipulation Among the Arbitrators of Collective Intelligence: How Wikipedia Administrators Mold Public Opinion” (PDF) . Proceedings of the 22nd ACM International Conference on Information & Knowledge Management : 1097-1106. Doi : 10.1145 / 2505515.2505566 .
  14. Jump up^ SeeWikipedia: Guide to requests for adminship.
  15. Jump up^ Jankowski-Lorek, Michal; Ostrowski, Lukasz; Turek, Piotr; Wierzbicki, Adam (2013). “Modeling Wikipedia admin elections using multidimensional behavioral social networks”. Social Network Analysis and Mining . 3 (4): 787 doi : 10.1007 / s13278-012-0092-6 .

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