Kiwix is a free and open-source offline web browser created by Emmanuel Engelhart and Renaud Gaudin in 2007. [3] It was first lancé to allow offline access to Wikipedia , HAS goal since expanded to include other projects from the Wikimedia Foundation as well as Public domain texts from the Gutenberg Project . Available in more than 100 languages, Kiwix has been included in several high-profile projects, from smuggling operations in North Korea [4] and encyclopedic access in Cuba [5] to Google Impact Challenge’s recipient Libraries Without Borders . [6]


Founder Emmanuel Engelhart sees Wikipedia As a common good , saying “The contents of Wikipedia should be available for everyone! Even without Internet access. This is why I have launched the Kiwix project. ” [3]

After becoming a Wikipedia editor in 2004, Emmanuel Engelhart became interested in developing offline versions of Wikipedia. A project to make a Wikipedia CD , initiated in 2003, was a trigger for the project. [3]

In 2012 Kiwix won a grant from Wikimedia France to build kiwix-plug, which was deployed in universities in eleven countries in the Afripedia Project . [7] [8]

In February 2013 Kiwix won SourceForge’s Project of the Month award [9] , and an Open Source Award in 2015. [10]


The software is designed as an offline reader for web content. It is used on computers without an internet connection, computers with a slow or expensive connection, and to avoid censorship. It can also be used while traveling (eg on a plane or train).

Kiwix, then download content for offline viewing with Kiwix (see picture). Compression saves disk space and bandwidth. All of English-language Wikipedia, with pictures, fits on a USB stick (54 GB as of May 2016, or 16 GB with no pictures). [9] [11]

All content files are compressed in ZIM format , which makes them smaller, but leaves them easy to index, search, and selectively decompress.

The ZIM files are now opened with Kiwix, which looks and behaves like a web browser. Kiwix offers full text search, tabbed navigation and the option to export articles to PDF and HTML. [1]

There is an HTTP server version called kiwix-serve ; Kiwix content, and make it available to other computers on a network. [12] The other computers see an ordinary website. Kiwix-plug is a plug-in for computers [9] which is often used to provide a wifi server . [13]

Kiwix uses the deprecated Mozilla framework localised on , [14] but plans to replace it. [15]

Available content

A list of contents available on Kiwix is ​​available for download, including language-specific sublists. [17] Content can be loaded through Kiwix itself. Since 2014, most Wikipedia versions are available for download in various languages. [11] The servers are updated every two to six months, depending on the size of the file. For English Wikipedia, a full version containing pictures as well as an alternative containing text can be downloaded from the archive. This allows users to save disk space and bandwidth while downloading.

Besides Wikipedia, content from the Wikimedia Foundation Such As Wiktionary , Wikibooks , Wikivoyage , Wikibooks and Wikiversity are available for offline viewing in various different languages. [18]

In November 2014 a ZIM version of all open texts forming part of Project Gutenberg was made available. [19] [20]

Besides public domain content, works licensed under a Creative Commons license is available for download. For example, offline versions of the Ubuntu wiki containing user documentation for the Ubuntu operating system, [21] ZIM editions of TED conference talks [22] and videos from Crash Course are available in the Kiwix archive as ZIM file formats. [23]


Kiwix can be installed on a desktop computer as a stand-alone program, installed on a tablet or smartphone, or can create its own WLAN environment from a Raspberry plug

Locations of 13 universities where Kiwix was deployed as part of the Afripedia Project

As a software development project, Kiwix is ​​directly involved in deployment projects. However, third party organizations do use the software as a component of their own projects. Examples include:

  • Universities and libraries that can not afford broadband Internet access. [24]
    • The Afripedia Project set-up kiwix servers in English-speaking universities (some of them with no Internet access) in 11 African countries. [25]
  • Schools [26] in developing countries , where access to the internet is difficult or too expensive. [9]
    • Kiwix is installed on the computers used for the One Laptop per Child project. [3]
    • Kiwix has-been installed we Raspberry Pis for use in schools with no electricity in Tanzania [27] by the Tanzania Development Trust.
    • Was it installed Kiwix tablets in schools in Mali in the MALebooks project. [28]
    • Kiwix is ​​being used by school and university teachers, as well as students, in Senegal . [29]
    • Kiwix is ​​deployed in Benin during teacher training seminars run by Zedaga [30] , a Swiss NGO specialized in education.
    • The Orange Foundation has used kiwix-serve in its own technological knowledge product they have deployed in Africa . [31]
    • A special release for the organization SOS Children’s Villages Was Developed, INITIALLY for developing countries, it aims est used in the Developed world.
  • At sea and in other remote areas. [9] [32]
    • Aboard ship in Antarctic waters. [33]
    • Kiwix is ​​used by the Senegalese Navy in their patrol ships [34]
    • Kiwix is ​​included in Navigatrix, a Linux distribution for people on boats [35] [36]
  • We have a flat train. [9] [37]
  • In European and US prison education programs [9] .

Package managers and app stores

Wikipedia medical app on smartphone

Kiwix was originally available in the native package managers of some Linux distributions. However, Kiwix is ​​currently not available in most package databases, due to XULRunner , a program on which Kiwix depends, being deprecated by Mozilla and removed from the package databases. [38] Kiwix is ​​available in the Sugar and ArchLinux Linux distributions . It is also available on Android.

Kiwix is ​​available on GooglePlay [39] and iTunes. [40] . Since 2015, a series of “customized apps” have also been released, which medical Wikipedia and PhET simulations are the two largest.


  1. ^ Jump up to:e “Kiwix” . SourceForge . Retrieved 22 March 2012 .
  2. Jump up^ Kiwix iTunes page
  3. ^ Jump up to:d Joe Sutherland: Emmanuel Engelhart, Inventor of Kiwix: the offline Wikipedia browser . In: Wikimedia Blog. 12. September 2014. Accessed on 26 November 2014.
  4. Jump up^ “The plot to free North Korea with smuggled episodes of” Friends ” ” . Retrieved 27 April 2016 .
  5. Jump up^ “¿Cómo utilizar Kiwix como servidor local?” . Retrieved 3 July 2017 .
  6. Jump up^ “The Google Impact Challenge Laureates” . Retrieved 27 April 2016 .
  7. Jump up^ Citazine article on Afripedia (in French)
  8. Jump up^ Traoré, Kardiatou. “Afripedia: a project to promote Wikipedia in Africa” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  9. ^ Jump up to:g “Kiwix Aims to spread Wikipedia’s Reach” . 2013-02-04. Archived from the original on 2013-03-02 . Retrieved 2013-07-10 .
  10. Jump up^ “OSS Awards küren Schweizer Open-Source-Projekte” . Netzwoche . Retrieved 2015-12-08 .
  11. ^ Jump up to:b “Content in all languages – Kiwix” . . Retrieved 2016-08-08 .
  12. Jump up^ Kiwix-serve
  13. Jump up^ “Kiwix-plug – Kiwix” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  14. Jump up^ “Translating: Kiwix –” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  15. Jump up^ “Linux Packaging project – Kiwix” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  16. Jump up^ Sailing the South Pacific
  17. Jump up^ “Content in all languages ​​- Kiwix” . . Retrieved 2017-06-09 .
  18. Jump up^ Zim archive for Kiwix
  19. Jump up^ Emmanuel Engelhart: 50,000 public domain books everywhere, everywhere, offline . In:Wikisource-l-Mailinglist. 19. November 2014. Accessed on 26 November 2014.
  20. Jump up^ “Words and what not: #Wikimedia & Project #Gutenberg – the sum of all knowledge” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  21. Jump up^ Ubuntuusers Hilfsmittel
  22. Jump up^ Kiwix archive for TED
  23. Jump up^ Kiwix archive for additional content
  24. Jump up^ “Main Page – Kiwix” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  25. Jump up^ “Afripedia project extending off-line access to Wikipedia in Africa” . Wikimedia blog . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  26. Jump up^ “(en) ASRI Education may 2013” (in French). . Retrieved 2013-07-10 .
  27. Jump up^ “Raspberry Pi in Masekelo: Bringing Wikipedia to a school without electricity” . Wikimedia blog . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  28. Jump up^ “Children in Mali can now read Wikipedia offline, thanks to MALebooks e-readers” . Wikimedia blog . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  29. Jump up^ “West African schools will test Kiwix, offline Wikipedia reader” . Wikimedia outreach education newsletter . 2016-08-31 . Retrieved 2017-06-11 .
  30. Jump up^ “Kiwix is ​​mentioned on the thank-you page” . Zedaga (in French) . Retrieved 2017-06-11 .
  31. Jump up^ Orange Foundation: the program “digital schools”
  32. Jump up^ “Sailing the South Pacific with a copy of Wikipedia on board: The Goodall Family” . Wikimedia blog . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  33. Jump up^ “Hans Oleander: Using offline Wikipedia to guide the towers of the Earth” . Wikimedia blog . Retrieved 2017-06-11 .
  34. Jump up^ “Kiwix’le Wikipedia’ya ulaşmak hala mümkün” . (in Turkish). 2017-05-05 . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  35. Jump up^ “ – A Voyager’s Companion” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  36. Jump up^ “Navigatrix – the first Linux distribution for cruisers” . Your Cruising Editor . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  37. Jump up^ Amarilli, Antoine. “A local copy of Wikipedia with Kiwix – a3nm’s blog” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  38. Jump up^ “Debian – Kiwix” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  39. Jump up^ “Kiwix, Wikipedia offline – Android Apps on Google Play” . . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .
  40. Jump up^ “Kiwix on the App Store” . App Store . Retrieved 2016-03-08 .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *