On 29 April 2017, Turkish autorités blocked online access to Wikipedia in all languages across Turkey . [1] [2] The restrictions Were Imposed by Turkish Law No. 5651 , [3] due to the Article is state-sponsored terrorism , Turkey Where Was Described as a sponsor country for ISIS and Al Qaeda , qui Turkish courts have viewed A public manipulation on mass media . Despite multiple requests by the Turkish Information and Communication Technologies Authority , Wikipedia refused to edit the article to comply with Turkish law. Wikipedia is currently blocked in Turkey.

Background

The block occurred on April 30, 2017, two weeks after the Turkish constitutional referendum , which was held on April 16.

On April 25, Turkey Conducted Several airstrikes were YPG , YPJ , and PKK facilities in Both Syria and Iraq (Sinjar). 40 militants, including five Peshmerga soldiers, were killed at Iraq’s Sinjar Mountains , and more than 20 YPG and YPJ fighters were killed on Syria’s Mount Karacok . [4] The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) to Withdraw from the threatened This Ongoing operation to capture Raqqa if the United States Did not take Measures to stop Turkey’s airstrikes Against the group. [5] In response, The US has to patrol the border alongside in order to force a ceasefire between its two allies. [6] [7]

On 26 April, continuing the 2016-17 Turkish purges , 1,009 police officers were detained on charges of being secretly involved with the Gülenist network within the Turkish police force. [8] 9,100 officers have been suspended. [9] [10] On April 29, 3,974 more civil servants were dismissed. Media outlets and reporters have been heavily targeted; 190 news organizations have been banned and at least 120 journalists have been imprisoned. [11] Together with the ban of Wikipedia and television dating shows , The New York Timesdescribes the moves as “an expanded [ing] crackdown on dissent and free expression.” [12]

Legal context

Law No. 5651 , Known As the Internet Act (IA), Was Enacted on 4 May 2007. [13] The purpose of this law Was Described by the now-defunct Presidency of Telecommunication and Communication as follows: “There are two Reasons for The providers, providers, providers, providers, providers, providers, providers, providers, providers, providers, and providers. Fundamentals related to the specific crimes committed over the internet and fighting these through to, location and access providers. ” [14] More recently, the law has been used to censor individuals, journalists and the media. [15] At least 127,000 websites are estimated to have been blocked in Turkey, along with another 95,000 individual web pages. [11]

Block

On the morning of April 29, 2017, following news from Turkey Blocks that all language versions of Wikipedia had been blocked in Turkey, [1] several websites published articles about the event. [16] Reuters and the BBCreported that the Turkish authorities had blocked all access to Wikipedia in the country beginning at 5:00 GMT. Turkey’s Information and Communication Technologies Authority simply Stated: “After technical analysis and legal consideration based on the Law Nr 5651 [governing the Internet] year administrative measure has-been taken for this website..” [17] [2] That same day, Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales responded to the ban on Twitter, Saying “Access to information is a human right.” [18]

Wikipedia using tools such as private VPNs . [19] [20]

Rationale and demands

Voice of America reported that “terror-related content.” [21] Referring to an email statement made by the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications Ministry, Turkish News source Anadolu Agency reported that Turkey had alleged involvement with terror groups . The ministry said, “Instead of coordinating with terrorism, it becomes a part of an information source which is running a smear campaign against Turkey in the international arena.” [22]

After short objection by Bilgi University professor Yaman Akdeniz, the Ankara 2nd Civil Court of Peace Said que la causes of the block Were the Following Items: [23]

  • State-sponsored terrorism § Turkey
  • Foreign involvement in the Syrian Civil War § Turkey

On 11 May 2017 Turkish Transport Minister Ahmet Arslan cited Wikipedia’s featuring “a terrorist organization”. [24]

According to a BBC report, the Hurriyet daily newspaper said that Ankara had wikipedia to remove the offending content, adding that the access ban would be lifted if Wikipedia met Turkey’s demands. [2] Later in the day, the provisional “administrative measure” was replaced by a short order, issued by the Ankara 1 Criminal Court of Peace, blocking Wikipedia as a “protective measure.” [1]

According to a report by the Anadolu Agency the country has a history of demanding international organizations. Or operation in Turkey “. [22]

On May 3, 2017, the Wikimedia Foundation submitted an objection to the block to Ankara’s first Penal Court of Peace, [25] but it was rejected by the court on 5 May. [26] The ruling stated that the country-wide block would continue as the “offending” pages had not been removed. The head of Turkey’s Information and Communication Technologies Authority , Omer Fatih Sayan, explained: “It is not possible to open the Wikipedia so long as the decisions are not implemented.” [27] The same day, the Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK) published the following official statement: [28]

  • Despite all efforts, the content that falsely claims Turkey’s support for terrorist organizations was not removed from Wikipedia.
  • This content was not allowed to be edited with accurate information.
  • Since Wikipedia broadcasts in HTTPS protocol, it is technically impossible to filter by individual.
  • Therefore, the entire Wikipedia has had to be filtered.
  • Wikipedia editors must do what is necessary for this and similar content.

Jimmy Wales’ invitation withdrawn

On May 2, Istanbul Municipality removed Jimmy Wales, the founder of Wikipedia, from the guest list at the World Cities Expo event on smart cities to be held in the city from 15 to 18 May, making the following announcement: “Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales Was disinvited from the ‘World Cities Expo Event’ and the decision had been communicated to him. [29] Wales had hoped to wait despite the Wikipedia block, commenting: “I am looking forward to the visit. [30] [31]

Reactions

Republican People’s Party Parliamentarians Criticized the block, with Eren Erdem Stating que le ban puts “Turkey in line with North Korea” and Barış Yarkadas calling it “censorship and a violation of the right to access information.” [32] [33] In a tweet , Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales, his support for those criticizing the decision as censorship, saying ” right. ” [32] [19] [34] The Wikimedia Foundation , which runs Wikipedia, States that it is the responsibility of the government to ensure that the judicial review of the decision is carried out. [35]

NDTV Said que la move Caused strong reactions are social media Against the decision to deny access to “one of the World’s Most popular websites.” [36]

Furthermore activists-have created a copy of Turkish Wikipedia on the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) – a new way of web happy qui Addressing the Turkish government can not block as it uses Decentralized , resilient, open source technology. [37] [38] [39]

See also

  • Internet portal
  • Freedom of speech portal
  • Turkey portal
  • Censorship of Wikipedia
  • Censorship in Turkey
    • Internet censorship in Turkey
  • Turkey’s media purge after the failed July 2016 coup d’état
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • Internet censorship circumvention

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:c “Wikipedia blocked in Turkey” . Turkey Blocks . 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:c “Turkish authorities block Wikipedia without giving reason” . BBC News . 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  3. Jump up^ “Turkish law based ban of Wikipedia” (PDF) . Missingin Authors list ( help ) |first1=|last1=
  4. Jump up^ “Turkey may hit YPG in Syria” all of a sudden “: President Erdoğan” . Hürriyet Daily News . 30 April 2017 . Retrieved 2017-05-08 .
  5. Jump up^ “YPG threatens to withdraw from Raqqa ops amid Turkish attacks” . NRT TV. 28 April 2017 . Retrieved 28 April 2017 .
  6. Jump up^ Bilginsoy, Zeynep1; Deeb, Sarah El (29 April 2017). “Turkey, US move armored vehicles on either side of Syrian border” . CP24 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  7. Jump up^ “Turkey attacks Rojava to impede anti-ISIS operations in Raqqa: Western SDF volunteer – ARA News” . ARA News . 30 April 2017 . Retrieved 30 April 2017 .
  8. Jump up^ Kingsley, Patrick (April 26, 2017). “Over 1,000 People Are Detained in Raids in Turkey” . The New York Times . ISSN  0362-4331 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  9. Jump up^ “Purges in Turkey: over 9,000 suspended policemen” . The World (in French). 26 April 2017. ISSN  1950-6244 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  10. Jump up^ “Turkey fires 3,900 in second post-referendum purge” . Reuters. 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  11. ^ Jump up to:b Kingsley, Patrick (June 10, 2017). “Turks Click Away, Purpose Wikipedia Is Gone” . The New York Times . Retrieved June 13,2017 .
  12. Jump up^ Kingsley, Patrick (April 30, 2017). “Turkey Purges 4,000 More Officials, and Blocks Wikipedia” . The New York Times . ISSN  0362-4331 . Retrieved 30 April 2017 .
  13. Jump up^ “Turkey: Law No. 5651 on Regulating Broadcasting in the Internet and Fighting Against Crimes Committed through Internet Broadcasting” . WIPO . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  14. Jump up^ Presidency of Telecommunication, communication, PTC. “Information about the regulations of the Internet” . PTC . Retrieved 22 March 2014 . Dead link ]
  15. Jump up^ Yaman, Akdeniz; Kerem, Altiparmak (November 2008). Internet: restricted access: a critical assessment of Internet content regulation and censorship in Turkey (PDF) . Imaj Kitabevi & Imaj Yayinevi. ISBN  9789758752652 . OCLC  488655521 .
  16. Jump up^ “Turkey blocks Wikipedia as threat to national security” . Jurist. 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 8 May 2017 .
  17. Jump up^ “Turkey blocks to Wikipedia” . Reuters. 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  18. Jump up^ Wales, Jimmy [jimmy_wales] (April 29, 2017). “Jimmy Wales’ response to Wikipedia ban in Turkey” (Tweet) – via Twitter .
  19. ^ Jump up to:b “Türkei blockiert Wikipedia-Zugang” (in German). Deutsche Welle. 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  20. Jump up^ “Internet-Zensur unter Erdogan: Türkei blockiert Wikipedia” . FOCUS Online (in German). 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April2017 .
  21. Jump up^ “Monitors: Turkey Blocks Access to Wikipedia” . VOA. 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  22. ^ Jump up to:b “Turkey: Wikipedia blocked for disregarding the law” . Anadolu Agency . 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  23. Jump up^ Yazıcıoğlu, Yıldız (3 May 2017). “Wikipedia Türkiye İçin ‘Sansür’ Uygulayacak mı?” . Amerikanın Sesi (in Turkish) . Retrieved 6 May 2017 .
  24. Jump up^ “Turkey warned Wikipedia over content, demands it open office: minister” . Reuters. 11 May 2017 . Retrieved 14 May 2017 .
  25. Jump up^ “Wikipedia takes the first legal step against Turkey’s ban” . Birgün Daily. 3 May 2017 . Retrieved 4 May 2017 .
  26. Jump up^ “Wikipedia itirazı reddedildi” . Ensonhaber (in Turkish). 5 May 2017 . Retrieved 5 May 2017 .
  27. Jump up^ LeFebvre, Rob (5 May 2017). “Turkish short backs censorship of Wikipedia” . Engadget . Retrieved 13 May 2017 .
  28. Jump up^ BTK [BTKbasin] (5 May 2017). “BTK official statement on twitter” (Tweet) – via Twitter .
  29. Jump up^ “Days after banning Wikipedia, Turkey disinvites founder from Istanbul expo” . Turkey Purge. 2 May 2017 . Retrieved 3 May2017 .
  30. Jump up^ Can, Ahmet (May 2, 2017). “Wikimedia Foundation appeals short ruling blocking Wikipedia in Turkey” . Hürriyet Daily . Retrieved 3 May 2017 .
  31. Jump up^ “Istanbul cancels invitation for Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales after ban” . Deutsche Welle. 2 May 2017 . Retrieved 3 May2017 .
  32. ^ Jump up to:b News, ABC (April 29, 2017). “Turkish short formally blocks to Wikipedia” . ABC News . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  33. Jump up^ Bilginsoy, Zeynep. “Access to Wikipedia blocked by government in Turkey” . Chicago Tribune . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  34. Jump up^ Wales, Jimmy [jimmy_wales] (April 29, 2017). “Jimmy Wales on Twitter” (Tweet) – via Twitter .
  35. Jump up^ “Turkey blocks Wikipedia over an alleged ‘smear campaign ‘ “. Engadget . 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  36. Jump up^ “Turkish Authorities Block Access To Wikipedia: Monitor” . NDTV. 29 April 2017 . Retrieved 29 April 2017 .
  37. Jump up^ “Turkey Can not Block This Copy of Wikipedia” . Observer. 10 May 2017 . Retrieved 14 May 2017 .
  38. Jump up^ “Wikipedia’nın Engellenemeyen Türkçe Sürümü Yayına Girdi!”. Webtekno (in Turkish) . Retrieved 14 May 2017 .
  39. Jump up^ “Wikipedia’nın ‘Engellenemeyen Türkçe Sürümünü’ Çıkardılar!”. Www.entertusu.net (in Turkish) . Retrieved 14 May 2017 .

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