The GNU Manifesto was written by Richard Stallman and published in March 1985 in Dr. Dobb’s Journal of Software Tools [1] as an explanation and definition of the goals of the GNU Project , and to call for participation and media Developing GNU , a free software Computer operating system. It is held in high regard within the free software movement as a fundamental philosophical source. The full text is included with GNU Software Such As Emacs , and is Availability of annual. [2]


The GNU Manifesto begins by outlining the goal of the GNU project , which stands for GNU’s Not Unix. The contents of GNU , current at the time of writing, are then described and detailed. Richard Stallman gives a fairly elaborate rationalization of the importance and benefits of seeing the project to fruition. One of the major driving points behind the GNU project, according to Stallman, is the rapid trend towards unix and its various components becoming proprietary (ie. Closed-source and non-free) software. Later on, the GNU Manifesto details how Nearly everyone benefits from the project. In essence, This is broken into two parts – the benefits to consumers and the community as a whole. In other words, software developers (contributors) may modify, enhance, correct, etc. The source code under these terms; And contributing to the overall stability and feature-set of the software. Additionally, developers may even use the GNU licensed code in their own applications (provided an exact copy of the GNU license is included with all distributions). The second part of this section explains how it’s not only the developers who will benefit, but also the end-users. The general trend is that, in the opinion of the authors, all the benefits of the project’s stated goals. A fairly large part of the GNU Manifesto is focused on rebutting possible objections to GNU Project’s goals. Objections described here include the programmer’s need to make a living, the issue of advertising / distributing free software , and the perceived need of a profit incentive . Most of the time , it is a good idea to use the software . [2] And the perceived need for a profit incentive . Most of the time , it is a good idea to use the software . [2] And the perceived need for a profit incentive . Most of the time , it is a good idea to use the software . [2]

See also

  • The Free Software Definition
  • History of free and open-source software
  • Open Letter to Hobbyists


  1. Jump up^ Stallman, Richard (March 1985). “Dr. Dobb’s Journal” . Dr. Dobb’s Journal . 10 (3): 30. Retrieved 2011-10-18 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:b Stallman, Richard (March 1985). “The GNU Manifesto – GNU Project – Free Software Foundation (FSF)” . . GNU Project . Retrieved 2011-10-18 .

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