The Encyclopedia of Life ( EOL ) is a free collaborative online encyclopedia intended to document all of the 1.9 million living species known to science. It is compiled from existing databases and from contributions by experts and non-experts throughout the world. [2] It aims to build one “infinitely expandable” page for each species, including video, sound, images, graphics, as well as text. [3] In addition, the Encyclopedia incorporates content from the Biodiversity Heritage Library , which digitizes millions of pages of printed literature from the world’s major natural history libraries. The project was initially backed by a US $ 50 million funding commitment, Led by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation , which provided US $ 20 million and US $ 5 million, respectively. The US $ 25 million came from five cornerstone institutions – the Field Museum , Harvard University , the Marine Biological Laboratory , the Missouri Botanical Garden , and the Smithsonian Institution . The project was initially led by Jim Edwards [4] and the development team by David Patterson . Today, participating institutions and individual donors continue to support EOL through financial contributions. Which provided US $ 20 million and US $ 5 million, respectively. The US $ 25 million came from five cornerstone institutions – the Field Museum , Harvard University , the Marine Biological Laboratory , the Missouri Botanical Garden , and the Smithsonian Institution . The project was initially led by Jim Edwards [4] and the development team by David Patterson . Today, participating institutions and individual donors continue to support EOL through financial contributions. Which provided US $ 20 million and US $ 5 million, respectively. The US $ 25 million came from five cornerstone institutions – the Field Museum , Harvard University , the Marine Biological Laboratory , the Missouri Botanical Garden , and the Smithsonian Institution . The project was initially led by Jim Edwards [4] and the development team by David Patterson . Today, participating institutions and individual donors continue to support EOL through financial contributions. The Marine Biological Laboratory , the Missouri Botanical Garden , and the Smithsonian Institution . The project was initially led by Jim Edwards [4] and the development team by David Patterson . Today, participating institutions and individual donors continue to support EOL through financial contributions. The Marine Biological Laboratory , the Missouri Botanical Garden , and the Smithsonian Institution . The project was initially led by Jim Edwards [4] and the development team by David Patterson . Today, participating institutions and individual donors continue to support EOL through financial contributions.

Overview

EOL went live on 26 February 2008 with 30,000 entries. [5] The site was very popular, and temporarily had to revert to demonstration pages for two days when it was over 11 million views it received. [6]

The site relaunched on 5 September 2011 with a redesigned interface and tools. [7] The new version – referred to as EOLv2 – was developed in response to requests from the general public, citizen scientists, educators and professional biologists for a site that was more engaging, accessible and personal. EOLv2 is redesigned to enhance usability and encourage contributions and interactions among users. The product interfaces with internationalized est aussi Provided for English , German , Spanish , French , Galician , Serbian , Macedonian , Arabic , Chinese , Korean and Ukrainian language speakers. On 16 January 2014, EOL launched TraitBank, a searchable, open digital repository for organizational features, measurements, interactions and other facts for all taxa across the tree of life. [8]

The initiative’s Executive Committee includes senior officers from the Atlas of Living Australia, the Biodiversity Heritage Library consortium, the Chinese Academy of Sciences , CONABIO , Field Museum , Harvard University , the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Library of Alexandria), MacArthur Foundation , Marine Biological Laboratory , Missouri Botanical Garden , Sloan Foundation , and the Smithsonian Institution . [9] [10]

Intention

Information about many species is already available in a variety of sources, in particular about the megafauna . Gathering currently available data on all 1.9 million species will take about 10 years. [11] As of September 2011 , EOL had more than 700,000 species available, along with more than 600,000 photos and millions of pages of scanned literature. [12] The initiative relies on indexing information compiled by other efforts, including the Sp2000 and ITIS Catalog of Life , Fishbase and the Assembling Tree of Life project of NSF , AmphibiaWeb, Mushroom explorer, microscope, etc. The extinct species. As the discovery of new species is expected to continue, the encyclopedia will grow continuously. The taxonomy of the microbial laboratory of bacteria, archaebacteria and viruses.

The goal of EOL is to serve as a resource for the general public, enthusiastic amateurs, educators, students and professional scientists from around the world. [2]

Resources and collaborations

The Encyclopedia of Life Has glad partners around the world share information through the Who EOL platform, [13] Including Wikipedia and Flickr .

Its interface is translated at translatewiki.net .

References

  1. Jump up^ “Eol.org Site Info” . Alexa Internet . Retrieved 2016-07-13 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:b “EOL History” . Eol.org. 2012-02-28 . Retrieved 2012-03-23 .
  3. Jump up^ Odling-Smee, Lucy (2007-05-09). “Encyclopedia of Life launched” . Nature . Doi : 10.1038 / news070508-7 . Retrieved 2007-05-09 .
  4. Jump up^ “James Edwards – Encyclopedia of Life” . Eol.org . Retrieved 2015-11-21 .
  5. Jump up^ Zimmer, Carl (2008-02-26). “The Encyclopedia of Life, No Bookshelf Required” . The New York Times . Retrieved 2008-02-27 .
  6. Jump up^ “Life Encyclopedia Debut Too Popular to Stay” Live ” ” . National Geographic . Associated Press. February 27, 2008 . Retrieved 2009-05-12 .
  7. Jump up^ “New Version of Encyclopedia of Life Now Available – Encyclopedia of Life” . Eol.org. 2011-09-05 . Retrieved 2012-03-23 .
  8. Jump up^ “TraitBank: Practical semantics for organism attribute data” . Semantic-web-journal.net. 2014-03-28 . Retrieved 2015-11-21 .
  9. Jump up^ “Scientists compile ‘book of life ‘ ” . BBC News . 2007-05-09 . Retrieved 2007-05-09 .
  10. Jump up^ “Meet the Team: Executive Committee” . EOL. 2012-02-28 . Retrieved 2012-03-23 .
  11. Jump up^ “Encyclopedia of Life: A Virtual Noah’s Ark!” . Radio-Canada . 9 May 2007 . Retrieved 2009-05-12 .
  12. Jump up^ “New Version of the Encyclopedia of Life Now Available” . Eol.org. 2011-09-05 . Retrieved 2012-03-23 .
  13. Jump up^ “EOL Content Partners” . Eol.org . Retrieved 2012-03-23 .

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