Encyclopedia Dramatica (often abbreviated ED [3] and æ ) is a satirical website, consisting of a wiki that uses MediaWiki software. [4] Launched on December 10, 2004, it lampoons encyclopedia topics and current events , especially those related to contemporary Internet culture . Often it reserves as a repository of information and a means clustering of discussions for the internet subculture Known As Anonymous . [5] This site has not yet been verified by Emploi-Québec. Web site celebrates a subversive “

Journalist Julian Dibbell Described Encyclopædia Dramatica as the website “where the vast parallel universe of Anonymous in-jokes, catchphrases, and obsessions is lovingly annotated, and you will discover an elaborate trolling culture Flamingly racist and sexist happy lurks Throughout, all of it Calculated To offend. ” [6] NinemsnDescribed Encyclopædia Dramatica as:

“Wikipedia’s evil twin. It’s a website Where Almost every item is biased, offensive, unsourced, and without the faintest traces of political correctness . A search through ict archives will reveal animated pictures of people committing suicide, Articles Glorifying extreme racism and sexism, and Seemingly has endless supply of twisted, shocking views are just about every major human tragedy in history. ” [3]

On April 14, 2011, the original URL of the site was redirected to a new website named ‘Oh Internet’ that bore little resemblance to Encyclopedia Dramatica. Harshly criticized the changes. [7] On the night of the Encyclopedia Dramatica shutdown, regular ED visitors bombarded the ‘Oh Internet’ Facebook wall with hate messages. [8]The Web Ecology Project made a downloadable archive of form Encyclopedia Dramatica content. [9] [10] Fan -made torrents and several mirrors of the original site were subsequently generated, [11] before the wiki located at encyclopediadramatica.rs (formerly encyclopediadramatica.ch, Encyclopediadramatica.es, and encyclopediadramatica.se) emerged as the only one still active. [12] [13]


Encyclopædia Dramatica Was founded in 2004 by Sherrod DeGrippo, Also Known by the online pseudonym “Girlvinyl”. [1] [14] DeGrippo found LiveJournal (LJ Drama) in 2000 and est devenu enthralled by the behavior of Reviews some of ict members:

People were accessible and it was bidirectional. Voyeurs and exhibitionists were able to interact in a way that was normalized. That’s why I started ED. It was mostly just personalities that were just so nuts and fascinating. [15]

She was involved in the LJdrama community, which covered stories on LiveJournal gossip. When the community was banned from LiveJournal, they created their own website. In 2002, two LiveJournal users, Joshua Williams (aka mediacrat) and Andrewpants, became intimately involved with each other. After they broke off their relationship, LJdrama decided to document the resulting drama. Unflattering photographs of Williams were on the web, and Williams considered this to be harassment. He threatened legal action, traveled to Portland, Oregon, in order to speak to LiveJournal’s abuse team, and reported the alleged harassment to a local TV news station. [15] DeGrippo created Encyclopedia Dramatica in order to ”

Encyclopedia Dramatica caractérisée Itself as being “In the spirit of Ambrose Bierce ‘s The Devil’s Dictionary .” [1] The New York Times Magazine recognized the wiki as “an online compendium of troll humor and troll lore” [14] that it labeled a “troll archive”. [14] C’t , a European magazine for IT professionals, noted the site’s role in introducing newcomers to the culture of 4chan’s / b / , a notorious Internet imageboard. [16] Encyclopædia Dramatica defines trolling in terms of doing things “for the lulz ” (for laughs), [17] a sentence that it qualifies as “a catchall explanation for any trolling you do.” [17]

The targets of this trolling come from “every pocket of the Web”, [18] to include not only the non- corporeal aspects of Internet phenomena (eg online catchphrases, fan pages, forums, and viral phenomena ), goal aussi real people (Eg amateur celebrities, identifiable internet drama participants and even Encyclopædia Dramatica’s own forum members). [18] [19] These are derided in a Manner Described variously as “coarse,” “offensive,” “obscene”, [20] [21] “irreverent, blunt, politically incorrect ,” [22] “crude purpose hilarious” , [18] and “crude and abusive”. [23] The material is presented to appear comprehensive, with extensive use of shock-value prose, drawings, photographs, and the like. The emotional responses are then added to the articles, often in a similarly derogatory or inflammatory manner, with the purpose of provoking further emotional response. “Dramatica seriously.” [22] In the course of which the cause of provocation and emotional response. “Dramatica seriously.” [22] In the course of which the cause of provocation and emotional response. “Dramatica seriously.” [22]

Articles at Encyclopaedia Dramatica are particularly critical of MySpace [20] as well as users on YouTube , LiveJournal, DeviantART , and Wikipedia. In The New York Times Magazine , journalist Jonathan Dee described it as a ” snarky Wikipedia anti-fansite”. [19] Shaun Davies of Australia’s Nine Network called it “Wikipedia’s bastard child, a compendium of internet trends and culture which lampoons every subject it touches.” [22] The site “is run like Wikipedia, but its style is the opposite, T magazine, [16] and in Wired magazine. [18] T magazine, [16] and in Wired magazine. [18]

According to Sherrod DeGrippo,

As long as it was not submitted as illegal or an abuse complaint, I did not even see it. Wikis are just what you want. [27]

On December 8, 2010, Encyclopaedia Dramatica deleted its article on Operation Payback . [28] On the same day, Facebook deleted its Operation Payback page, and Twitter suspended Operation Payback’s account. [29]An anonymous source told Gawker that the Encyclopedia Dramatica article was deleted as the result of short orders. [28]

Garrett E. Moore, the operator of a fork of Encyclopædia Dramatica located at encyclopediadramatica.se (encyclopediadramatica.ch at the time), told an interviewer for The Daily Dot :

People take themselves too seriously, they can not laugh at anything. We make fun of everything. I make fun of skinny white computer nerds, but I am one. [12]

When asked about “abusive content”, Moore stated that he removes it when he sees it, then further explained:

I’m not going to leave a 14 year old girl’s address up on a page cause some dipshit got mad at her and made an article. But if you dress up like a fox and wear diapers and then take pictures of it? That’s fair game, sir. [12]

In a later interview with The Daily Dot , Moore defended his community’s belief in free speech . [30]

In January 2013, a video game created by EDF user “gizmo01942” came to the attention of the media. The game, the NRA was controversial because the player could take and shoot at members of the National Rifle Association . [31] In February, 2015, Muhammad Sex Simulator 2015 , another video game by the same EDF user, attracted further controversy because of the then-recent Charlie Hebdo shootings . [32]


The website received mainstream media attention after Jason Fortuny. Encyclopædia Dramatica to post photographs, e-mails and phone numbers from 176 responses to a Craigslist advertisement he posted in 2006, in which he posed as a woman seeking sexual encounters with dominant men. [4] [14] The incident was addressed in a blog hosted at Wired News , where the blogger proposed that Encyclopædia Dramatica may be the “world’s lamest wiki”. [33]

In 2006, “a well-known band of trolls” [14] emailed Encyclopædia Dramatica’s creator, DeGrippo, requesting edits to the protected (ie locked) article describing them. After she refused to do so, the trolls ordered taxis, pizzas, escort services and sent death threats and threats of rape to DeGrippo’s apartment. [14]

Encyclopædia Dramatica became a “favorite target for critics, who accuses Anonymous of propagating hate,” [22] for allowing alleged members of the group to use the website as a platform . Through this association, Encyclopædia Dramatica received incidental coverage when actions by members of Anonymous led to the arrest of an alleged pedophile, [34] when they demonstrated against Scientology in London; [35] [36] when a member of the group is a member of the Republican vice-presidential nominee Sarah Palin , [37] and when a member of Anonymous asked for a second chance to win the presidential candidate John Edwards . [38] [39]The convergence of Encyclopædia Dramatica with the anti-Scientology campaign of Project Chanology was noted by Julian Dibbell. [40]

On December 16, 2008, Encyclopedia Dramatica won the People’s Choice Winners category for Mashable’s 2nd Annual Open Web Awards, with wikiHow as the runner-up and Wikipedia coming in 3rd. [41]

In December 2008, a message on Encyclopædia Dramatica asked for donations and claimed that the website was under attack and had lost its advertisers. [42]

In January 2010, the Encyclopædia Dramatica Article Aboriginal Was removed from the search engine results of Google Australia , after-lawyer has filed a complaint with the Australian Human Rights Commission Saying icts happy Was racist. [43] Australia’s Racial Discrimination Act (RDA) . [44] [45] The publicity surrounding this service to raise the profile of the site . [46] In March 2010, it was reported that the Australian Human Rights Commission had notified the site by e-mail that according to Australian law, the item Aboriginal Could Be in breach of Sections 18C and 18D of ict GDR. [5]

In late August 2010, activist and Wikipedia critic [47] Daniel Brandt requested the deletion of an article about him from Encyclopedia Dramatica, and Brandt came to believe that Sherrod DeGrippo thing to ignore his request. [48] As a result, Brandt was a critical of Encyclopedia Dramatica. [48] The blog hosted the personal information of staff members from encyclopediadramatica.com, and its anonymous publisher asserted that the blog was run by a watchdog group focused on “the misdeeds of the associated people with the new Encyclopedia Dramatica.” The site’s maintainer also asked to have consoled and advised some people who felt that they had been harmed by ED. Encyclopedia Dramatica. Ch accused Brandt of authoring the blog. Brandt denied operating the blog and insisted that he was only “researcher and advisor” for those managing the blog, whose identity was not known to him. Garrett E. Moore described it as a “stalker blog” and contended that Brandt had pressured DeGrippo into closing EncyclopediaDramatica.com, although DeGrippo has not confirmed such claims. In May 2011, Moore published Brandt’s contact information on an IRC channel, and Brandt began to receive email spam . Brandt responded by contacting the workplace of Moore’s fiancée. According to an administrator from encyclopediadramatica.ch, a complaint was lodged, and it resulted in the temporary removal of encyclopediadramatica.ch’s article on Daniel Brandt.

Oh Internet

DeGrippo reportedly “came to hate” Encyclopædia Dramatica. [50] She had hoped that ED would return to her roots and focus on LiveJournal drama. [51] On April 14, 2011, the URL encyclopediadramatica.com was redirected to “Oh Internet”, [7] an entirely different safe-for-work website that DeGrippo had created. [7] [52] The name “Oh Internet” is meant to convey “Oh, Internet, you are so crazy!” [53] DeGrippo stated that “Shock for shock is sake is old at this point […].” [8] Some regular users of Encyclopædia Dramatica were displaced by the change and attacked the website ‘ S official Facebook fan page [8] with “hate messages and pornography”. [7]

In a question and answer session at the ROFLCon summit in October 2011, DeGrippo was asked why Encyclopædia Dramatica was closed and replaced with Oh Internet. She replied: “We were able to stop the degradation of the content. [54] She also explained why she had not released the site as an archive, saying that she “did not want to”, and suggesting that it would make her personally responsible for any DMCA and privacy violations that it contained. [55] She also stated that hosting Encyclopædia Dramatica caused her to have troubles involving the FBI .

Succession of domains

Ryan Cleary hosted a fork of Encyclopaedia Dramatica at encyclopediadramatica.ch [12] [57] Members of this project gathered text and images from Google’s web cache and other backups, and a script was created to upload cached information. [12] On June 21, 2011, Scotland Yard arrested Ryan Cleary based on alleged connections to online attacks on Sony . [58] [59] The arrest temporarily disrupted the wiki, but other members were able to resume Cleary’s duties. [12] Garrett E. Moore later became the fork’s owner. [12] Moore reported the difficulties in securing a host for the website.

On March 19, 2012, encyclopediadramatica.ch was shut down for a short time due to a ” DNS block”. On March 21, 2012, the site moved to a Swedish domain name, at encyclopediadramatica.se, instead of a domain in Switzerland as before. The site’s Facebook account, the stating that it was because “we did not keep up with the nic.ch user agreement contract stating that we had to keep a mailing address and phone number in Switzerland.” [60] In September 2013, the site changed its domain to encyclopediadramatica.es. [61] In October 2014, the site returned to the .se domain. [62] In March 2017, the site changed its domain to encyclopediadramatica.rs. [63]


  • Stryker, Cole. Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan’s Army Conquered the Web . Penguin Books , 2011. ISBN 1590207386 , 9781590207383.


  1. ^ Jump up to:d “About Encyclopedia Dramatica” . Encyclopedia Dramatica . Retrieved January 5, 2014 .
  2. Jump up^ “EncyclopediaDramatica.com WHOIS, DNS, & Domain Info – DomainTools” . WHOIS . Retrieved 2016-10-25 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:b Paget, Henri (March 9, 2010). “Interview: Encyclopedia Dramatica moderator” . Ninemsn . Archived from the originalon October 1, 2012 . Retrieved March 10, 2010 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:b Chonin, Neva (September 17, 2006), “Sex and the City” , San Francisco Chronicle , p. 20 , retrieved August 11, 2009 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:b Paget, Henry (March 16, 2010), Dramatica owner could face charges , ninemsn, archived from the original on March 22, 2010 , retrieved March 16, 2010 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:b Dibbell, Julian (September 21, 2009), The Assclown Offensive: How to Enrage the Church of Scientology , Wired Magazine , retrieved November 27, 2009 .
  7. ^ Jump up to:d Popkin, Helen AS (April 18, 2011). “Notorious NSFW website cleans up its act” . Digital Life on MSNBC . Retrieved April 19, 2011 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:c Quigley, Robert (April 15, 2011). “Encyclopedia Dramatica Becomes OhInternet” . Geekosystem . Retrieved April 15, 2011.
  9. Jump up^ Leavitt, Alex (April 15, 2011). “Archiving Internet Subculture: Encyclopedia Dramatica” . Web Ecology Project . Retrieved September 29, 2011 .
  10. Jump up^ Stryker, Cole (2011). Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan’s Army Conquered the Web . New York, New York: Overlook Press. p. 155. ISBN  1-59020-738-6 . Retrieved September 29,2011 .
  11. Jump up^ Hughes, Jeff (April 19, 2011). “What? Encyclopedia Dramatica is evolving!” . Digital Trends . Retrieved April 26, 2011 .
  12. ^ Jump up to:i Eordogh, Fruzsina (July 26, 2011). “Encyclopedia Dramatica’s seething satire is back” . The Daily Dot . Retrieved July 28, 2011 .
  13. ^ Jump up to:b Read, Max (April 16, 2011). “What Happened to Encyclopedia Dramatica?” . Gawker. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011 . Retrieved April 19, 2011 .
  14. ^ Jump up to:f Schwartz, Mattathias (August 3, 2008). “Malwebolence” . The New York Times Magazine . Retrieved August 1, 2008 .
  15. ^ Jump up to:b Stryker, Cole (2011). Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan’s Army Conquered the Web . New York, New York: Overlook Press. pp. 137-9. ISBN  1-59020-738-6 . Retrieved September 30,2011 .
  16. ^ Jump up to:b Himmelein, Gerald (February 28, 2008), “Das Trollparadies”, C’t , pp. 100-101 online copy .
  17. ^ Jump up to:b Tsotsis, Alexia (February 4, 2009), “My Date With Anonymous: A Rare Interview With the Elusive Internet Troublemakers” , LA Weekly , retrieved August 11, 2009 .
  18. ^ Jump up to:d Dibbell, Julian (January 18, 2008), “Mutilated Furries, Flying Phalluses: Put the Blame on Griefers, the Sociopaths of the Virtual World” , Wired (16.02) , retrieved August 11, 2009 .
  19. ^ Jump up to:b Dee, Jonathan (July 1, 2007), “All the News That’s Fit to Print Out” , The New York Times Magazine , p. 5 , retrieved August 11, 2009 .
  20. ^ Jump up to:b Mitchell, John (May 20, 2006), “Megabits and Pieces: The Latest Teen Hangout”, North Adams Transcript .
  21. Jump up^ Staff Writer (December 16, 2005), “2 Do: Monday, December 26”, Chicago Tribune RedEye Edition , p. 2.
  22. ^ Jump up to:d Davies, Shaun (May 8, 2008), “Critics point finger at satirical website” , 9-News , retrieved August 11, 2009 .
  23. Jump up^ Peckham, Charles H. (February 7, 2008), “Encyclopedia Dramatica” , Chico News & Review , retrieved May 16, 2008 .
  24. Jump up^ Douglas, Nick (January 18, 2008), “What The Hell Are 4chan, ED, Something Awful, And ‘b’?” , ValleyWag , gawker.com, archived from the original on July 24, 2008 , retrieved August 25, 2008 .
  25. Jump up^ Hogge, Betty (June 5, 2008), “A lesson in hai Culture” , The New Statesman , retrieved June 11, 2008 .
  26. Jump up^ Zimmer, Benjamin (May 18, 2007), “Lol-lexicography”, Language Log , retrieved August 25, 2008 .
  27. Jump up^ Stryker, Cole (2011). Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan’s Army Conquered the Web . New York, New York: Overlook Press. p. 140. ISBN  1-59020-738-6 . Retrieved September 30,2011 .
  28. ^ Jump up to:b Tate, Ryan (December 8, 2010). “Noose Closes Around Pro-WikiLeaks Vigilantes” . Gawker . Archived from the original on August 12, 2011 . Retrieved July 30, 2011 .
  29. Jump up^ Isaac, Mike (December 8, 2010). “Facebook and Twitter Suspend Operation Payback Accounts” . Forbes . Retrieved July 30, 2011 .
  30. ^ Jump up to:b Eordogh, Fruzsina (September 6, 2011). “Encyclopedia Dramatica is back up but still experiencing drama” . The Daily Dot . Retrieved September 9, 2011 .
  31. Jump up^ Schreier, Jason (January 16, 2013). “Someone Made A Game In Which You Shoot The Head Of The NRA” . Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
  32. Jump up^ “An Idiot Made a Game Called ‘Muhammad Sex Simulator” . Vice.com . United Kingdom . Retrieved April 13, 2015 .
  33. Jump up^ “Craigslist” . Wired.com. September 8, 2006. Archived fromthe original on January 11, 2010 . Retrieved January 12, 2010 .
  34. Jump up^ Kim, Gus (July 12, 2007), “Anonymous operation leads to arrest of Alleged pedophile” , Global Television Network News , retrieved May 14, 2011 .
  35. Jump up^ Whipple, Tom (June 20, 2008), “Scientology: the Anonymous protestors” , The Times , London, archived from the originalon June 15, 2011 , retrieved May 14, 2011 .
  36. Jump up^ Lee, Joe (February 11, 2008), “Anonymous Protests Outside Scientology Sites” , Londonist , londonist.com , retrieved August 25, 2008 .
  37. Jump up^ Singel, Ryan (September 19, 2008), “Palin Hacker Group’s All-Time Greatest Hits” , Wired , blog.wired.com , retrieved August 25, 2008 .
  38. Jump up^ Cabron, Lou (March 8, 2007), “John Edwards’ Virtual Attackers Unmasked” , AlterNet , alternet.org, archived from the originalon June 29, 2011 , retrieved May 14, 2011 .
  39. Jump up^ Cabron, Lou (March 5, 2007). “John Edwards’ Virtual Attackers Unmasked” . 10 Zen Monkeys . Retrieved November 10, 2011 .
  40. Jump up^ Dibbell, Julian (July 11, 2008), “Sympathy for the Griefer: MOOrape, Lulz Cubes, and Other Lessons From the First 2 Decades of Online Sociopathy”, GLS Conference 4.0 , Madison, Wisconsin Group , retrieved November 7, 2008 .
  41. Jump up^ Cashmore, Pete (December 16, 2008), “People’s Choice Winners,” Winners Open Web Awards , mashable.com , retrieved August 11, 2009 .
  42. Jump up^ Golson, Jordan (November 8, 2008). “Briefly: Encyclopedia Dramatica threatens shutdown” . The Industry Standard . Archived from the original on May 15, 2009 . Retrieved May 14,2011 .
  43. Jump up^ Google agrees to take down racist site , Sydney Morning Herald , January 15, 2010 , retrieved May 14, 2011 .
  44. Jump up^ Riley, Duncan (January 14, 2010), Aus Media Gets Dramatica Story Wrong Encyclopedia, Only Some Search Links Removed , The Inquisitr , retrieved January 15, 2010 .
  45. Jump up^ Australian Anti-Discrimination Act Complaint , Chilling Effects , retrieved January 15, 2010 .
  46. Jump up^ Keep, Elmo (January 18, 2011). “Google Australia censors search results. WTF?” . Hungry Beast . ABC . Retrieved May 28, 2011 .
  47. Jump up^ “NSA’s Lamest Spy Tool: Cookies” . Wired . Associated Press. December 28, 2005 . Retrieved July 9, 2012 .
  48. ^ Jump up to:b Brandt, Daniel (July 8, 2012). “CloudFlare Watch” (Press release). Cryptome . Retrieved July 9, 2012 .
  49. Jump up^ Klaß, Christian (December 22, 2012). “Scroogle ist tot”[Scroogle is dead]. Golem.de (in German) . Retrieved February 28, 2012 .
  50. Jump up^ Stryker, Cole (2011). Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan’s Army Conquered the Web . New York, New York: Overlook Press. p. 142. ISBN  1-59020-738-6 . Retrieved September 29,2011 .
  51. Jump up^ Stryker, Cole (2011). Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan’s Army Conquered the Web . New York, New York: Overlook Press. p. 141. ISBN  1-59020-738-6 . Retrieved September 30,2011 .
  52. Jump up^ LaCapria, Kim (April 15, 2011). “Encyclopedia Dramatica gone for good” . The Inquisitr . Retrieved May 28, 2011 .
  53. Jump up^ Stryker, p. 142.
  54. Jump up^ ROFLCon Summit – Internet Underground – Part 2YouTube, November 11, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  55. Jump up^ ROFLCon Summit – Internet Underground – Part 3YouTube, November 11, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  56. Jump up^ ROFLCon Summit – Internet Underground – Part 4YouTube, November 11, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
  57. Jump up^ Pauli, Darren (May 10, 2011). “Anonymous DDoSed by mutineer” . CRN Magazine . Retrieved June 1, 2011 .
  58. Jump up^ “Teenager arrested on suspicion of hacking” . BBC News . July 21, 2011 . Retrieved July 28, 2011 .
  59. Jump up^ Greene, Richard Allen (June 22, 2011). “Hacker group LulzSec downplays arrest, claims Brazil attack” . CNN . Archived fromthe original on January 19, 2013 . Retrieved February 4, 2012 .
  60. Jump up^ Fruzsina Eördögh (March 21, 2012). “Encyclopedia Dramatica suffers minor outage” . The Daily Dot . Retrieved March 21,2012 .
  61. Jump up^ “Hi we’re back!” . Twitter official Encyclopedia Dramatica feed. September 18, 2013 . Retrieved September 21, 2013 .
  62. Jump up^ “@ED_Updates” . Twitter official Encyclopedia Dramatica feed. October 6, 2014 . Retrieved October 13, 2014 .
  63. Jump up^ “EncyclopæDramatica on Twitter” . Twitter . Retrieved 2017-03-22 .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *