Free music or free music is free , can freely be copied, distributed and modified for any purpose. Thus, in the public domain or licensed under the aegis of the artist, It does notmean that there should be no fee involved. The word free Refers to freedom (as in free software ), not to price . [1]

The Free Music Philosophy [1] generally encourages creators to free music using whatever language or methods they wish. A Free Music Public License (FMPL) [2] is available for those who prefer a formal approach. Some free music is licensed under licensing That are Intended for software (like the GPL ) or other writings (the GFDL ). Purpose there sont également licenses Especially For music and other works of art, Such As EFF ‘s Open Audio License , LinuxTag ‘s Open Music License , the Free Art License and Reviews some of the Creative Commons Licenses .

History

Before the advent of copyright law in the early 18th century and its subsequent application to music compositions first, all music was “free” according to the definitions used in free software or free music, since there were no copyright restrictions. In practice however, music was unclear in most jurisdictions. Copyright laws changed this gradually so much so that in the late 20th century, copying a few words of a musical composition or a few seconds of a sound recording, the two forms of music copyright, could be considered criminal infringement. [3]

In response, the concept of free music was codified in the Free Music Philosophy [1] by Ram Samudrala in early 1994. It was based on the Free Software by Richard Stallman and coincided with nascent open art and open information movements. Up to this point, few modern musicians distributed their recordings and compositions in an unrestricted manner, and there was no concrete as to why they did it, or should do it. Citation needed ]

The Free Music Philosophy used a three pronged approach to voluntarily encourage the spread of unrestricted copying, based on the fact that copies of recordings and compositions could be made and distributed with complete accuracy and ease via the Internet. First, since its very nature is organic in its growth, the ethical basis of its distribution was copyright laws was questioned. That is, an existential responsibility was fomented upon music creators who were drawing upon the creations of countless others in an unrestricted manner to create their own. Second, it was found that the basis of copyright law , “to promote the progress of science and (The control of copying) simply to ensure its profits. Third, as copying was creeping, it was argued that musicians would have no choice but to move to a different economic model that exploited the spread of information to make a living, instead of trying to control it with limited government enforced monopolies. [4]

The Free Music Philosophy was reported by various media outlets including Billboard , [5] Forbes , [6] Levi’s Original Music Magazine , [7] The Free Radical , [8] Wired [9 ] and The New York Times . [11] Along with free software and Linux (a free operating system), copyleft licenses, the explosion of the Web and rise of P2P , the cementing of mp3 as a standard for recordings compression, and DESPITE the efforts of the music industry, free Music became largely the reality in the early 21st century. [12] Organizations such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Creative Commons with free information champions like Lawrence Lessig were devising numerous licenses that offered different flavors of copyright and copyleft. The question was no longer what should be done, but rather how creativity would flourish in the Internet era. [4] [13] [14]

Record labels and websites distributing free music

  • Audition Records – free and non-free CC licenses [15]
  • Dogmazic – free and non-free CC licenses, GNU GPL [16]
  • Free Music Archive – free and non-free
  • Jamendo – free and non-free
  • LOCA Records [17] [18]
  • Magnatune
  • Opsound
  • Musopen

Notable bands distributing their music under free conditions

See also: Category: Creative Commons-licensed albums
title Licensing
Nine Inch Nails The Slip CC BY-NC-SA
Ghosts I-IV CC BY-NC-SA
Ophur [19]
Severed Fifth Creative Commons
Twisted Helices [20]
subatomicglue
Brunette Models
Kimiko Ishizaka Creative Commons License Zero license – Public Domain [21]

See also

  • copyleft
  • Deezer
  • Free Culture movement
  • File sharing
  • Guvera
  • Libre.fm
  • List of musical works released in a stem format
  • Mutopia Project
  • Open music
  • Open Music Model
  • podsafe
  • Spotify
  • We7
  • Wolfgang’s Vault

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:c Samudrala, Ram (1994). “The Free Music Philosophy” . Retrieved 2008-10-26 .
  2. Jump up^ Samudrala, Ram (2011). “” The Free Music Public License . “Retrieved 2011-09-13 .
  3. Jump up^ “NET Act: 17 USC and 18 USC as amended (redlined)” . US Department of Justice . Archived from the original on 14 January 2012.
  4. ^ Jump up to:b Schulman BM. The song heard ’round the world: The copyright implications of MP3s and the future of digital music.Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 12: 3, 1999.
  5. Jump up^ Reece D. Industry grapples with MP3 dilemma. Billboard , July 18 1998.
  6. Jump up^ Penenberg A. Habias copyrightus. Forbes , July 11, 1997.
  7. Jump up^ Durbach D. Short fall to freedom: The free music insurgency.Levi’s Original Music Magazine , November 19, 2008
  8. Jump up^ Ballin M. Unfair Use. The Free Radical 47, 2001
  9. Jump up^ Oakes C. Recording industry goes to war against web sites.Wired, June 10, 1997.
  10. Jump up^ Stutz M. They (used to) write the songs. Wired, June 12, 1998.
  11. Jump up^ Napoli L. Fans of MP3 forced the issue. The New York Times , December 16 1998.
  12. Jump up^ Just T. Alternate Kinds of Freedom.
  13. Jump up^ Samudrala R. The future of music. 1997
  14. Jump up^ Story of a Revolution: Napster & the Music Industry. MusicDish , 2000
  15. Jump up^ “About Audition Records” . Audition Records .
  16. Jump up^ “Dogmazic.net, free music – Licensing” . Dogmazic.net . Retrieved 2012-06-13 .
  17. Jump up^ Simon Trask. “Creative Commons, Copyright & The Independent Musician” . Soundonsound.com . Retrieved 2012-06-13 .
  18. Jump up^ “Loca Records” . Loca Records . Retrieved 2012-06-13 .
  19. Jump up^ “RIPIntro” . Ophur.com. 2008-01-22 . Retrieved 2012-06-13 .
  20. Jump up^ “The Twisted (Helices) page – in 1993 it was called” The Twisted Page “and it made sense – exploratory music . Twisted-helices.com . Retrieved 2012-06-13 .
  21. Jump up^ Ishizaka, Kimiko (nd). “The Open Goldberg Variations” . Retrieved 15 June 2012 .

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