On 24 April 2014, Oliver Duggan, in the Liverpool Echo , Reported That users of computers That Used IP addresses registered to the Government Secure Intranet (qui is used by Many of the United Kingdom ‘s government departments ) HAD added derogatory and offensive material to Wikipedia articles, especially the article about the Hillsborough disaster . [1] The vandalism was quickly re-reported by other media, and subsequent reports have highlighted other acts of vandalism , on various articles, originated by computers using those IP addresses.

Hillsborough disaster

The Hillsborough Stadium in 1989, had been altered, briefly, in 2009, [2] with a similar alteration to the Anfield article in 2012. [3] The Secure Intranet. [1] Anfield article in 2012. [3] The report has been made available to the Department for Culture, Media and Sport , Her Majesty’s Treasury or the Office of the Solicitor General . However, the Cabinet Office has stated that “At this time,

The details of the two IP addresses (195.92.40.49 and 62.25.106.209 [5] [6] ) used by computers on the Government Secure Intranet cam from then-Treasury minister Angela Eagle in a reply to a parliamentary issue in 2008. [1 ] [5] The edits, which were made in 2009 and included the addition of “Blame Liverpool Fans” to the Hillsborough disaster page and adding the phrases “You’ll Never Walk Again” and ” yet nothing for the victims of the Heysel Stadium disaster “to mentions of the Hillsborough memorial in the Anfield article. [7]

The Cabinet Office has responded to the news by saying that they were making “urgent worries” in these reports, and that the claims made in them were treated with “the utmost seriousness”. [8] The office also warned, however, that it might not be possible to determine exactly who used the government’s computers to make the edicts, saying, “As the first incident happened Government’s network, it may prove challenging to identify who was involved, but we are exhausting every option. ” [4] [9] The inquiry was scheduled to be led by Andy Burnham . [10] On 20 May, Burnham said the investigation had identified ”

In 2016, the second partner after the verdict of the Hillsborough inquiry Proved unlawful killing of the 96 dead due to gross negligence , the Liverpool Echo Reported That edits from an IP associated with Warwickshire County Council (WCC) added the phrase, “You’ll never walk again “Eight times in the lead of the Hillsborough disaster page. [12] A WCC spokesperson told the newspaper: “WCC IP addresses also include our publicly used machines in libraries that can be used by members of the public. Investigating. ” [13]

Other articles

On 26 April, the Belfast Telegraph Reported That One of the edits made through a government IP addresses (to the Wikipedia entry for Howick Falls ) HAD MENTIONED “killing gold Enslaving” black people and suggéré That They believe “hearsay and myth”. [14]

The Daily Telegraph reported on 27 April that government computers had been used to maliciously alter articles about prominent people, including falsifying the death of television sports presenter Des Lynam . Other public figures targeted include Michael Grade and Chris Evans . [15] On the same day, The Herald in Glasgow reported that the articles for Clydebank and Barlanark , had been vandalized by government computers. [16]Also that day, the National Post reported that a government computer had David Gilmour , who was vandalized to describe him as a ”

On April 29, the BBC reported the results of its investigation into the edits carried out by computers using the two IP addresses. It found more than one hundred edits that it categorized as “inappropriate editing, vandalism and deletion”. The BBC gave no time scale for these edicts, but it was not enough.

Reviews The most serious edit Was a change to the veil article in October 2006, qui included the sentence “all Muslims are terrorists.” [18] This change was removed six minutes later. Also highlighted was the removal of details, in October 2005, of the controversy regarding flat purchases by Cherie Blair . Other edits mentioned by the BBC were the editing of the 7 July 2005 London bombings article to add conspiracy theories; and the vandalism, usually with insults And Sometimes with page blanking, of the Tony Blair , Richard Littlejohn , Jamie Oliver , hookers , Wayne Rooney ,

Regarding the edits, while Stating que la Was appalling vandalism, a Spokesman for Wikimedia UK pointed Out That, “Edicts of this kind are very Quickly removed by the volontaires Who write and edit Wikipedia, Often in a matter of minutes.” He is the author of a book on the evolution of the process of making money. Write, edit and organize the content. ” [6]

Reactions

Jon Davies, Chief Executive of Wikimedia UK , said it was “appalled by such vandalism” but added that, “In this case, none of the offensive was taken for more than a couple of . ” [8]

The Cabinet Office described the edits in question as “sickening”. “The behavior is in complete contravention of the Civil Service Code . It is entirely unacceptable,” they added. [6]

Sheila Coleman of the Hillsborough Justice Campaign called “absolutely disgusting” and said the relatives of the Hillsborough disaster victims would demand a formal inquiry. [1]

A Critic of Wikipedia , Nigel Scott, writing in Spiked , Wikipedia’s Structural Flaws, saying, “Wikipedia is not blameless in this. It allows misinformation to flourish and provides it with a cloak Of respectability. It is under-resourced and is unable to police itself adequately. ” HOWEVER, the main focus point de son Was other Wikipedia controversies , Including the establishment of the Bicholim conflict item charges of editing On Behalf Of Chuka Umunna and the Wiki-PR editing of Wikipedia . [19]

Result of the investigation

From May to June 2014, Wikipediocracy , a website critical of Wikipedia, as well as The Daily Telegraph APPROBATION the culprit behind the offending edits to Wikipedia. Using the results of the investigation published in the Telegraph , the UK government identified and taken action against the suspect. [20] In June 2014, an unnamed 24-year-old civil servant , who was born in London but lives in Liverpool, was sacked for posting offensive comments about the disaster on Wikipedia. [21] After the sacking, the United Kingdom government issued new rules for its civil servants with regard to editing Wikipedia. The guidelines include the statement that anyone will make inappropriate edits will be disciplined.

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:d Duggan, Oliver (April 24, 2014). “Exclusive: Shocking Hillsborough insults on Wikipedia from Government computers”. Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  2. Jump up^ “Wikipedia diff 283956539” . Wikimedia Foundation. 2009-04-15 . Retrieved 2015-09-27 .
  3. Jump up^ “Wikipedia diff 493826709” . Wikimedia Foundation. 2012-05-22 . Retrieved 2015-09-27 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:b “Hillsborough Wikipedia posts were ‘sickening’, Cabinet Office says” . BBC News . 25 April 2014 . Retrieved 8 May 2014 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:b “Departmental Internet: December 11, 2008: Hansard Written Answers – TheyWorkForYou” . TheyWorkForYou . 11 December 2008 . Retrieved 8 May 2014 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:c Lee, Dave (April 29, 2014). “Wikipedia edit from government computer added Muslim insult” . BBC . Retrieved 3 May 2014 .
  7. Jump up^ Johnston, Ian (April 25, 2014). “Hillsborough Wikipedia posts: Government launches inquiry after-avocation insults at Liverpool fans traced to Government computers in Whitehall” . The Independent . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:b Johnson, Dan (April 25, 2014). “Hillsborough Wikipedia posts: Government pledges ‘urgent concerns ‘ ” . BBC News . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  9. Jump up^ Press Association (26 April 2014). “Finding Hillsborough ‘trolls’ could be tough” . Independent.ie . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  10. Jump up^ Duggan, Oliver (April 25, 2014). “Full parliamentary probe into shocking Hillsborough insults into Wikipedia from Government computers” . Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  11. Jump up^ Johnson, Mark (May 20, 2014). “Hilsborough Wikipedia scandal: ‘Strong leads’ in hunt for trolls who used government computer”. Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 20 May 2014 .
  12. Jump up^ “Wikipedia diff 717548799” . Wikimedia Foundation. 28 April 2016 . Retrieved 30 April 2016 .
  13. Jump up^ Fitzsimmons, Francesca (28 April 2016). “Hillsborough offensive comments added to Wikipedia using council IP address” . Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 30 April 2016 .
  14. Jump up^ “Wikipedia edits linked to Whitehall” . Belfast Telegraph . 26 April 2014 . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  15. Jump up^ Oliver Duggan”Des Lynam” killed by a giant snowball and other embarrassing Wikipedia edits from Whitehall computers,Daily Telegraph, 27 April 2014
  16. Jump up^ Duffy, Judith (April 27, 2014). “Offensive Wikipedia edits made in Whitehall” . Herald Scotland . Retrieved 27 April 2014 .
  17. Jump up^ Edmiston, Jake (April 27, 2014). “David Gilmour’s Wikipedia page, call him a ‘homophobe'” . National Post . Retrieved 8 May2014 .
  18. Jump up^ [1]
  19. Jump up^ Scott, Nigel (April 29, 2014). “Wikipedia: where truth dies online” . Spiked . Retrieved 29 April 2014 .
  20. Jump up^ Duggan, Oliver, “Civil servant fired after Telegraph investigation into Hillsborough Wikipedia slurs,” The Daily Telegraph , June 17, 2014
  21. Jump up^ “Civil servant sacked for offensive Wikipedia edits on Hillsborough” . The Guardian . 17 June 2014 . Retrieved 17 June 2014 .
  22. Jump up^ Docking, Neil (20 October 2014). “Government issues new Wikipedia rules for Whitehall staff after civil servants posted Hillsborough slurs” . Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 20 October2014 .

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