Censorship of Wikipedia has occurred in Several countries, Including China, France, Iran, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, [1] the United Kingdom and Uzbekistan. Some instances are examples of widespread internet censorship in general that includes Wikipedia content. Others are indicative of measures to prevent the viewing of specific offensive offensive content.

By country

China

Chinese Wikipedia was launched in May 2001. [2] Wikipedia has received positive coverage in China’s state press in early 2004, but it was blocked on 3 June 2004 on the 15th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 . Proposals to practice self-censorship by the Chinese Wikipedia community. [2] HOWEVER, a story in the International Herald Tribune Comparing entries on Chinese and English Wikipedia Wikipedia topics we Such As Mao Zedong and Chinese Taiwan Concluded que la entries Were “watered down and sanitized” of political controversy. [3] On 22 June 2004, access to Wikipedia was restored without explanation. [2]Wikipedia was blocked again for unknown reasons in September, [4] but only for four days. [2] Wikipedia was in a state of emergency in China in October 2005. Wikipedia users Shi Zhao and Cui Wei Part of the letter read, “By blocking Wikipedia, we have a chance to present China’s voice to the world, allowing evil cults, Taiwan independence forces and others to distorted image of China.” [2] Wikipedia users Shi Zhao and Cui Wei to the unblock the website. Part of the letter read, “By blocking Wikipedia, we have a chance to present China’s voice to the world, allowing evil cults, Taiwan independence forces and others to distorted image of China.” [2] Wikipedia users Shi Zhao and Cui Wei to the unblock the website. Part of the letter read, “By blocking Wikipedia, we have a chance to present China’s voice to the world, allowing evil cults, Taiwan independence forces and others to distorted image of China.” [2]

In October 2006, The New York Times reported that Wikipedia was unblocked in China, although Chinese Wikipedia remained blocked. New media researcher Andrew Lih, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 in China. [5] Lih said that “there is no monolithically operating Great Firewall of China “, noting that for various internet service providers in different locations in China- China Netcom in Beijing, China Telecom in Shanghai, and various providers in Anhui -Chinese Wikipedia was only blocked in Anhui. [6] Advocacy organization Reporters Without Borders praised Wikipedia’s leaders for not self-censoring . [7]

On 10 November 2006, Lih reported that Chinese Wikipedia has become fully unblocked. [8] Lih confirmed the full unblocking several days later and offered a partial analysis of the effects based on the new account creation on Chinese Wikipedia. Prior to the unblocking, 300-400 new accounts were created on Chinese Wikipedia daily. In the four days after the unblocking, the rate of new registrations more than tripled to over 1,200 daily, jumping into the second fastest growing Wikipedia after the English version. Similarly, there were 75% more articles created in the week ending on 13 November than during the week before. Coming on the same weekend that Chinese Wikipedia passed the 100,000 article mark, Lih predicted that the second 100, Wikipedia policies and norms. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [9]

On 16 November 2006, Reuters news agency reported the Chinese Wikipedia could be displayed, except for some taboo political subjects, such as “4 June, [1989 protests]”. [10] However, the Chinese and English versions had been reblocked the next day on 17 November. [11] On June 15, 2007, access to apolitical articles on Wikipedia was restored. [12] On 6 September 2007, IDG News reported that Wikipedia was blocked again. [13] On 2 April 2008, The Register reported that the blocks on English and Chinese Wikipedias were lifted. [14] [15] This was confirmed by the BBC , and cam dans le context of foreign journalists arriving in Beijing to report on the 2008 Summer Olympics and the International Olympic Committee ‘s request for press freedom During the games. [16] In September 2008, Jimmy Wales had a meeting with Cai Mingzhao , Vice Director of China’s State Council Information Office . While no agreements were made, Wales believed that a communication channel between the Wikipedia community and the PRC Government . [17] The blocking of Chinese Wikipedia ‘contributions by 42.8% on average, According to a report published on American Economic Review in 2011. [18] As of 2012 , both Chinese and English Wikipedias are available in China [19] except for political articles. If a Chinese IP tries to access (including searching) a “sensitive” article, the IP will be blocked from visiting Wikipedia for several minutes to up to an hour. [20] The IP will be blocked from visiting Wikipedia for a few minutes to up to an hour. [20] The IP will be blocked from visiting Wikipedia for a few minutes to up to an hour. [20]

( HTTPS ) version of the site on 31 May 2013, although the non-secure ( HTTP ) version is still available – the latter is vulnerable to keyword filtering allowing individual articles to be selectively blocked. Greatfire urged Wikipedia and users to circumvent the block by using HTTPS. [21] In 2013, after Jimmy Wales stated that Wikipedia will not tolerate “5 seconds” of censorship, Shen Yi, an Internet researcher at Fudan University in Shanghai said, that while “Wikipedia is tough against the Chinese government, it may not necessarily Be so great when faced with US government or European justice systems’

Since June 2015, all Wikipedias redirect HTTP requests to the corresponding HTTPS addresses, making mandatory encryption for all users. As a result, Chinese censors can not see which particular pages are an individual is viewing, and therefore can not block a specific subset of pages (such as Ai Weiwei or Tiananmen Square ) as they did in past years. As a result, Beijing thing to block the whole Chinese Wikipedia; [23] as of June 2015, both encrypted and a-encrypted Chinese-language Wikipedia are blocked. [24] On August 31 the Chinese Wikipedia main pages was unblocked, but only for a short few minutes. Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales said he would fly to China to lobby the Chinese government to unlock the site within two weeks at the Leadership Energy Summit Asia 2015 in Kuala Lumpur on December 2, 2015. It seemed that Wales’ statement reminded the Chinese government that they had Only blocked the Chinese version of Wikipedia, because Beijing completely blocked all language versions of the site again on the afternoon of 4 December (local time). [25] A large number of Chinese netizens complained about this blocking on social networks, although most of the complaints had been deleted after a short period. [26] However, it was possible to visit Wikipedia in other languages ​​on the afternoon of December 6 (local time) in China again. [27] Chinese version of the Chinese version of the Chinese version of the Chinese version of Wikipedia, because Beijing completely blocked all language versions of the site again on the afternoon of 4 December (local time). [25] A large number of Chinese netizens complained about this blocking on social networks, although most of the complaints had been deleted after a short period. [26] However, it was possible to visit Wikipedia in other languages ​​on the afternoon of December 6 (local time) in China again. [27] Chinese version of the Chinese version of the Chinese version of the Chinese version of Wikipedia, because Beijing completely blocked all language versions of the site again on the afternoon of 4 December (local time). [25] A large number of Chinese netizens complained about this blocking on social networks, although most of the complaints had been deleted after a short period. [26] However, it was possible to visit Wikipedia in other languages ​​on the afternoon of December 6 (local time) in China again. [27] Even though it had been deleted after a short period. [26] However, it was possible to visit Wikipedia in other languages ​​on the afternoon of December 6 (local time) in China again. [27] Even though it had been deleted after a short period. [26] However, it was possible to visit Wikipedia in other languages ​​on the afternoon of December 6 (local time) in China again. [27]

Jimmy Wales puts Lu Wei , the director of Cyberspace Administration of China on December 17, 2015 during the World Internet Conference held in Wuzhen , Zhejiang . Wales said that this is the first time to meet and know each other. Wales told Lu Wei how Wikipedia and Wikimedia work in the world, and expressed the hope to establish regular meeting with Lu Wei and Cyberspace Administration of China in the future. A reporter asked if he would order to keep stable operations in China, he responded “never.” [28] But even Jimmy Wales’ own words have been censored: He said that the improvements in machine translation could make it “no longer possible” for authorities to control the flows of information in the future during a panel discussion. However, in order to be able to better analyze the situation, [29]

France

In April 2013, a Wikipedia article describing the Pierre-sur-Haute military radio station attracted attention from the French interior intelligence agency DCRI . The agency attempted to have the article about the facility removed from the French language Wikipedia . The DCRI pressured Rémi Mathis , a volunteer administrator of the French language Wikipedia and resident of France, into deleting the article. [30] [31] The Wikimedia Foundation Asked the DCRI qui shares of the item Were Causing a problem, Noting que la section étroitement information reflected in a 2004 documentary made by Loire 7 Television has local French television station, Which is freely available online. [30] [32] The DCRI refused to give these details and requested its deletion for the article. According to a statement issued by Wikimedia France on 6 April 2013:

The DCRI summoned a Wikipedia volunteer in their offices on April 4th [2013]. This volunteer, which was one of the tools that allowed the deletion of pages, was forced to delete the article while in the DCRI offices, on the understanding that he did not comply with . Under pressure, he had no other choice than to delete the article, despite explaining to the DCRI this is not how Wikipedia works. He warned the other sysops that trying to undelete the article would engage their responsibility before the law. This volunteer had no link with that article, having never edited it and not even knowing its existence before entering the DCRI offices. He was chosen and summoned because he was easily identifiable,

– Wikipedia , the free  encyclopedia [33]

Later, the article was restored by another Wikipedia contributor who lived outside France. [33] [34] As a result of the controversy, the article became the most read on the Wikipedia, [35] with over 120,000-page views during the weekend of 6/7 April 2013. [36] It was translated Into multiple other languages. [37] The French newspaper 20 minutes , [38] Ars Technica , [35] and a posting on Slashdot , [39] noted it as an example of the Streisand effect in action. The French Ministry of the Interior told the Agence France-Presse that it did not wish to comment on the incident. [40]

According to a judicial source quoted in an AFP story on 8 April, the article ‘s deletion “led by the” anti-terrorist section of the Paris prosecutor’s office “Wikipedia article Compromise “to the chain of transmission for nuclear launch orders. [41]

Following the incident, Television Loire 7 said that it expected the DCRI would request that it take down the original 2004 report on which the Wikipedia article was based, though it had been filmed and broadcast with the full cooperation of the French Armed Forces. [42] The National Union of Police Commissioners. The Internet Service Providers. [43] However, the France-based NGO Reporters Without Borders criticized the DCRI’s actions as “a bad precedent”. The organization’s spokesperson told The Point that, ” If the institution considers that it has been released, it has every opportunity to be recognized by the courts in arguing and. The spokesperson noted that the spokesperson noted that it was not a matter for the international community to consider the possibility of a judicial review. Of the army, and that the hosts and intermediaries should not be held responsible. [44] The spokesperson noted that the information contained in the article had come from a documentary that had previously been filmed and distributed with the cooperation of the army, and that the hosts and intermediaries should not be held responsible. [44] The spokesperson noted that the information contained in the article had come from a documentary that had previously been filmed and distributed with the cooperation of the army, and that the hosts and intermediaries should not be held responsible. [44]

Iran

In a November 2013 report published by the Center for Global Communication Studies of the University of Pennsylvania , researchers Collin Anderson and Nima Nazeri scanned 800,000 Persian language Wikipedia articles and found that the Iranian government blocks 963 of these pages. According to the authors, “Censors repeatedly targeted Wikipedia article about government rivalry, minority religious beliefs, and criticisms of the state, officials, and the police. Allegedly detained or killed. ” [45] Anderson said that Persian Wikipedia, as a microcosm of the Iranian internet, is a ”

According to Reporters Without Borders , the Iranian government has blocked access to Kurdish Wikipedia for extended periods of time. [48]

Italy

On 4 October 2011, following a decision adopted by the community, the contents of the Italian version of Wikipedia were hidden and the website was blocked by its administrators, as a protest against paragraph 29 of the ” DDL intercettazioni ” (Wiretapping Bill). [49] The proposed bill would empower anyone who believes themselves to have been offered by the web site of the web site, within a reasonable timeframe. Claim by a judge or to face a € 12,000 fine.

On 4, 5 and 6 October, all pages on the Italian version of Wikipedia redirected to a statement opposing the proposed legislation. [50] On October 7, the Italian Wikipedia was once again available, but a notice on the proposed legislation was still displayed at the top of pages.

Pakistan

For seven hours on 31 March 2006, the entire domain of Wikipedia.org was blocked in Pakistan because of its controversial cartoons of Muhammad . [51] [52] [53]

The English version of Wikipedia was blocked in Pakistan for several days in May 2010 during the controversy surrounding Everybody Draw Mohammed Day . [54] [55]

Russia

On 5 April 2013, it was confirmed by a spokesperson for the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (also known as Roskomnadzor) that Wikipedia had been blacklisted over the article ” Cannabis Smoking ” on Russian Wikipedia. [56] [57] [58]

On 18 August 2015, an Article in Russian Wikipedia about charas ( Чарас ), a kind of cannabis, Was blacklisted by Roskomnadzor (executing an order of court has Issued two provincial Months Earlier) have Containing detailed description are making narcotics. [59] Wikipedia argued That Article Was Originally A written using materials and textbooks, we aim August 24 It was included in the list of forbidden materials, sent to Internet providers of Russia. As Wikipedia uses HTTPS protocol, effective all the site with all language versions of Wikipedia could be blocked in Russia from the night on 25 August. [60] According to the reports, there were intermittent blocking of Russian non-mobile version in certain regions. [61] In the morning we 25 August Roskomnadzor excluded the item from the list of forbidden materials, Saying That “We-have-been Informed by the Federal Drug Control Service That Were Sufficient edits made to put the terms of court order”. [62] According To Wikimedia Russia director, the Page was edited by Wikipedia volontaires Quickly to Avoid violations of the law, and maybe 10-20% of Russian users felt from Wikipedia with Access at the night of 25th. [63] [62] According To Wikimedia Russia director, the Page was edited by Wikipedia volontaires Quickly to Avoid violations of the law, and maybe 10-20% of Russian users felt from Wikipedia with Access at the night of 25th. [63] [62] According To Wikimedia Russia director, the Page was edited by Wikipedia volontaires Quickly to Avoid violations of the law, and maybe 10-20% of Russian users felt from Wikipedia with Access at the night of 25th. [63]

Saudi Arabia

Further information: Internet censorship in Saudi Arabia

On July 11, 2006, the Saudi government blocked access to Google and Wikipedia for its sexual and politically sensitive content. [64] [65] Many articles from the English and Arabic Wikipedia projects are censored in Saudi Arabia. [66]

Syria

Further information: Internet censorship in Syria

Access to the Arabic Wikipedia was blocked in Syria between April 30, 2008 and February 13, 2009, but other language editions remained accessible. [67] [68]

Tunisia

Further information: Internet censorship in Tunisia

The Wikipedia website was inaccessible from Tunisia between 23 and 27 November 2006. [69]

Turkey

See also: Internet censorship in Turkey and 2017 block of Wikipedia in Turkey
Wikinews has related news: Turkey blocks Wikipedia, alleging smear campaign

 

In the early hours of 29 April 2017, monitoring group Turkey Blocks APPROBATION loss of access to all language editions of Wikipedia Throughout Turkey. [70] [71] The administrative measure came after Turkish authorities. [72]

Before, Turkey HAD only censored specific items on the Turkish Wikipedia , Such As “Kadın üreme organları” (vulva), “insan Penisi” (human penis), “2015 Türkiye genel seçim anketleri” (2015 Turkey general election polls) “vajina” (Vagina) and “testis torbası” (scrotum). There was no decision for this censorship. One of the Internet providers, TTNET, speculated that Wikipedia was broken. Katherine Maher from the Wikimedia Foundation [73]

United Kingdom

See also: Internet censorship in the United Kingdom and the Internet Watch Foundation and Wikipedia

In December 2008, the Internet Watch Foundation , a UK-based non-government organization , added the Wikipedia article Virgin Killer to its internet blacklist due to the cover image and the illegality of child pornography ; The image had been assessed as the lowest level of legal concern: “erotic posing with no sexual activity”. [74] As a result, people using many major UK ISPs were blocked from viewing the entire article by the Cleanfeedsystem, [74] [75] [76] and a large part of the UK was blocked from editing Wikipedia Used by the IWF to block the image. Following discussion, [77] and public complaints, [78] the IWF reversed their decision. [79]

Uzbekistan

Further information: Internet censorship in Uzbekistan

The entire Wikipedia was briefly blocked twice in Uzbekistan, in 2007 and 2008. [80] Blocking of the Uzbek Wikipedia caught the attention of the international press in late February 2012. [81] Internet users in Uzbekistan Redirected to MSN . Users in Uzbekistan could easily open Wikipedia articles in other languages. Only Uzbek-language articles were blocked. [82]

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