MIT OpenCourseWare (MIT OCW) is an initiative of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to put all of the educational materials from ict undergraduate – and graduate-level courses online , freely and Openly available to anyone, anywhere. MIT OpenCourseWare is a large-scale, web-based publication of MIT course materials. The project was announced on April 4, 2001 [1] and uses Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike license. The program was originally funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation , the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation , and MIT. Currently, MIT OpenCourseWare is supported by MIT, corporate underwriting, major gifts, and donations from site visitors. [2] The initiative HAS inspired more than 250 other institutions to make available materials Their race as open educational resources through the Open Education Consortium. [3]

As of December 2015 , over 2,300 races were available online. While a few of these were limited to chronological reading lists and discussion topics, mostly homework problems and exams (often with solutions) and reading notes. Some courses also included interactive web demonstrations in Java , complete textbooks written by MIT professors, and streaming video lectures.

As of December 2015 , 80 races included complete video plays. The videos were available in streaming mode, but could also be downloaded for viewing offline. All video and audio files were also available from iTunes U and the Internet Archive .

Project

History

The concept of MIT OpenCourseWare grew out of the MIT Council on Education Technology, which was charged by MIT provost Robert Brown in 1999 with determining how MIT should position itself in the distance learning / e-learning environment. MIT OpenCourseWare was initiated to provide a new model for the dissemination of knowledge and collaboration among scholars around the world, and contributed to the “shared intellectual commons” in academia, which fosters collaboration across MIT and among other scholars. The project was spearheaded by Professors Dick KP Yue, Shigeru Miyagawa, Hal Abelson and other MIT Faculty. Citation needed ]

The main challenge in Implementing the OCW initiative HAD not beens faculty strength, purpose Rather, the logistical challenges presented by Determining ownership and Obtaining publication permission for the massive amount of intellectual property items That are embedded in the course materials of MIT’s faculty, in addition to The time and technical effort required to convert the educational materials to an online format. Copyright in MIT OpenCourseWare material remains with MIT, members of its faculty, or its students. Citation needed ]

In September 2002, the MIT OpenCourseWare proved to be a pilot project open to the public, offering 32 races. In September 2003, MIT OpenCourseWare published its 500th race, including some full streaming video plays. By September 2004, 900 MIT races were available online.

In 2005, MIT OpenCourseWare and other leading open educational resources projects FORMED the OpenCourseWare Consortium , qui seeks to extend the reach and impact of open materials race, foster new open course materials and Develop sustainable models for open course material published.

In 2007, MIT OpenCourseWare Introduced a website called Expired Highlights for High School That indexes on the OCW resources applicable to advanced study in high school biology , chemistry , calculus and physicsin an attempt to Support US STEM education at the secondary school level.

In 2011, MIT OpenCourseWare introduced the first of fifteen OCW Scholar races, which are specifically designed for the needs of independent learners. While still publications of course materials like the rest of the site content, these courses are more in-depth and the materials are presented in logical sequences that facilitate self-study. No interaction with other students is supported by the OCW site, study groups aim is collaborating project OpenStudy are available for Some OCW Scholar courses. [4]

As of August 2014 , some MIT OCW races are delivered by the European MooC platform Eliademy . [5]

Technology

MIT OCW was originally served by a custom content management system based on Microsoft’s Content Management Server , which was replaced in mid-2010 with a Plone -based content management system. The publishing process is described by MIT as a “broad-scale digital publishing infrastructure” (CMS), and the MIT OpenCourseWare content distribution infrastructure. [6]

Video content for the courses were originally in the RealMedia format. In 2008, OCW transitioned to using YouTube as the primary digital video streaming platform for the site, embedding YouTube video back into the OCW website. [7] OCW video and audio files are also provided in full for offline downloads on iTunesU and the Internet Archive . In 2011, OCW introduced an iPhone App called ReadHall in partnership with Irynsoft. [8]

Funding

As of 2013 , the annual MIT OCW running cost is about $ 3.5 million. “MIT’s goal for the next decade is to increase our reach to ten-fold and secure funding for this. [9]

See also

  • Bookboon
  • Connections , by Rice University
  • Curriki
  • Fathom.com
  • Flat World Knowledge
  • FlexBOOK
  • Free High School Science Texts South Africa
  • National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL), India
  • Open.Michigan
  • Open textbook
  • Tufts OpenCourseWare

References

  1. Jump up^ Goldberg, Carey (2001). “Auditing classes at MIT, on the web for free” . The New York Times . Retrieved 22 April 2017 .
  2. Jump up^ “Free Online Course Materials” Why Donate? “MIT OpenCourseWare” . Ocw.mit.edu . Retrieved 2012-04-03 .
  3. Jump up^ Attwood, Rebecca (2009-09-24). “Get it out in the open” . Times Higher Education . London . Retrieved 2010-12-18 .
  4. Jump up^ “OCW Scholar races” . Web.mit.edu . Retrieved 2013-10-10 .
  5. Jump up^ Irving Singer (Fall 2014). “Philosophy of Love in the Western World” . Eliademy.com . MIT OCW . Retrieved 2014-08-19 . Based on work at http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/linguistics-and-philosophy/24-261-philosophy-of-love-in-the-western-world-fall-2004/ .
  6. Jump up^ “Free Online Course Materials | FAQ: Technology | MIT OpenCourseWare” . Ocw.mit.edu . Retrieved 2012-04-03 .
  7. Jump up^ “MIT” . YouTube . Retrieved 2012-04-03 .
  8. Jump up^ “Free Online Course Materials | MIT OpenCourseWare Announces iPhone App for Video Reads | MIT OpenCourseWare” . Ocw.mit.edu. 2011-02-04 . Retrieved 2012-04-03 .
  9. Jump up^ “A Decade of Open Sharing” . MIT OCW . 2013-01-17.

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